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$500M Marion County Justice Center relies on novel funding

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A mainstay of the travel industry, all-inclusive packages are gaining traction with governments that want a simpler way to deliver new public facilities.

For an annual fee, a private-sector consortium will design, build, finance, maintain and operate a new road or building. The model is common around the world and in the U.S. transportation industry but still rare for buildings.

Indianapolis could become one of the first U.S. cities to ink such a deal with a new jail and courthouse on the former site of the GM stamping plant.

The project could cost as much as $500 million, but it won’t require a tax hike, and the annual fee won’t be any greater than the $122.6 million a year the city now pays to operate courts and correctional facilities.

At least, that’s the promise of Mayor Greg Ballard. Whether that promise is realistic is impossible to gauge because the mayor’s deputies won’t reveal details of their analysis.

Director of Enterprise Development David Rosenberg declined to state the maximum annual fee, which the city already has shared with three pre-qualified bidders. The mayor’s office also refused to release the request for proposals, a type of document typically considered a public record.

Indiana Public Access Counselor Luke Britt said he couldn’t think of an exemption to open-records law that would apply to the RFP. The city still had not cited an exemption as the story went to press.

Former city controller Jeff Spalding said the administration’s unwillingness to walk through the math behind its conclusions makes him skeptical the new facility won’t end up requiring more public dollars.

“I want the criminal justice center to happen,” said Spalding, who left the Ballard administration in April 2013 to become director of fiscal policy and analysis at the Friedman Foundation. “There’s more potential downside if you don’t do it the right way.”

Several other cities are considering the all-inclusive model for justice facilities. Houston issued a request for information but pulled it back after Indianapolis entered the market, Rosenberg said. He presumes Houston officials are waiting to see how Indy’s deal works out.

“We certainly have a lot of eyes on us,” Rosenberg said. “If this model becomes successful, a lot of other cities in the country will start to adopt it.”

Proposals from the three bidders are due in October. Rosenberg anticipates working with the preferred bidder on 35-year contract, which would be presented for the City-County Council’s approval in early 2015.

Eliminating inefficiencies

The city and Marion County currently spend $122.6 million on jail operations, rent for offices, rent for disparate correctional facilities and inmate care at Eskenazi Health, the county charity hospital, Rosenberg said.

That figure reflects inefficiencies like transporting inmates, much of which would be eliminated with a new, modern jail sharing a campus with criminal courts, Rosenberg said. He declined to go into detail about the expected savings on operations.

Spalding said he wonders whether the assumed savings are too optimistic.

Current spending includes an $18 million-a-year contract with Corrections Corporation of America, which operates one of two county jails. That contract expires at the end of 2017, and it won’t be renewed.

“I don’t disagree that they’ll end the contracts, but all of the expense for the services delivered under those contracts will not disappear,” Spalding said.

The annual fee won’t be the city’s only expense once the justice center is built. The sheriff will continue to provide jail security, food and laundry service, and the city will have to pay the utility bills.

Performance requirements

The certainty of predetermined annual payments from a government entity is attractive to private-sector players because it helps them find investors or lenders, said Allan Marks, a partner in the Los Angeles office of law firm Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy, which has a large practice in global finance.

Carrying the debt and turning a profit are up to the consortium of finance, construction and architecture firms. “A lot of these deals don’t work,” Marks said. “There are some that do. The private sector thinks they can manage the risk.”

Marks said the deals don’t mean lower costs across the board, but construction, financing and long-term maintenance, taken together, should be less expensive than if handled separately.

All-in-one contracts are less common for public buildings, but Indianapolis found examples in Ontario and California.

A new courthouse in Long Beach, California, cost $346.7 million, and the state will pay an annual fee to a consortium called Long Beach Judicial Partners, according to the state Administrative Office of the Courts.

The service fee for the 2014-15 fiscal year is $51.8 million, a courts spokeswoman said. That includes a capital charge of $35.9 million for the design, construction and financing.

The operations and maintenance portion of the fee is subject to inflation-based increases, and it can be reduced if LBJP doesn’t meet certain performance requirements.

One of the attractions of “performance-based infrastructure,” Rosenberg said, is that it requires the private-sector partner to periodically replace or refurbish things like heating and cooling systems and roofing.

Because of those life-cycle upgrades, the justice center should be in good shape when it’s turned over to the county after 35 years, Rosenberg said.

“We don’t get back a building that’s 35 years old. We get back a building that’s seven, eight, nine years old. We can operate it again for an additional 20 to 30 years,” Rosenberg said.•
 

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  1. Call it unauthorized law if you must, a regulatory wrong, but it was fraud and theft well beyond that, a seeming crime! "In three specific cases, the hearing officer found that Westerfield did little to no work for her clients but only issued a partial refund or no refund at all." That is theft by deception, folks. "In its decision to suspend Westerfield, the Supreme Court noted that she already had a long disciplinary history dating back to 1996 and had previously been suspended in 2004 and indefinitely suspended in 2005. She was reinstated in 2009 after finally giving the commission a response to the grievance for which she was suspended in 2004." WOW -- was the Indiana Supreme Court complicit in her fraud? Talk about being on notice of a real bad actor .... "Further, the justices noted that during her testimony, Westerfield was “disingenuous and evasive” about her relationship with Tope and attempted to distance herself from him. They also wrote that other aggravating factors existed in Westerfield’s case, such as her lack of remorse." WOW, and yet she only got 18 months on the bench, and if she shows up and cries for them in a year and a half, and pays money to JLAP for group therapy ... back in to ride roughshod over hapless clients (or are they "marks") once again! Aint Hoosier lawyering a great money making adventure!!! Just live for the bucks, even if filthy lucre, and come out a-ok. ME on the other hand??? Lifetime banishment for blowing the whistle on unconstitutional governance. Yes, had I ripped off clients or had ANY disciplinary history for doing that I would have fared better, most likely, as that it would have revealed me motivated by Mammon and not Faith. Check it out if you doubt my reading of this, compare and contrast the above 18 months with my lifetime banishment from court, see appendix for Bar Examiners report which the ISC adopted without substantive review: https://www.scribd.com/doc/299040839/2016Petitionforcert-to-SCOTUS

  2. Wow, over a quarter million dollars? That is a a lot of commissary money! Over what time frame? Years I would guess. Anyone ever try to blow the whistle? Probably not, since most Hoosiers who take notice of such things realize that Hoosier whistleblowers are almost always pilloried. If someone did blow the whistle, they were likely fired. The persecution of whistleblowers is a sure sign of far too much government corruption. Details of my own personal experience at the top of Hoosier governance available upon request ... maybe a "fake news" media outlet will have the courage to tell the stories of Hoosier whistleblowers that the "real" Hoosier media (cough) will not deign to touch. (They are part of the problem.)

  3. So if I am reading it right, only if and when African American college students agree to receive checks labeling them as "Negroes" do they receive aid from the UNCF or the Quaker's Educational Fund? In other words, to borrow from the Indiana Appellate Court, "the [nonprofit] supposed to be [their] advocate, refers to [students] in a racially offensive manner. While there is no evidence that [the nonprofits] intended harm to [African American students], the harm was nonetheless inflicted. [Black students are] presented to [academia and future employers] in a racially offensive manner. For these reasons, [such] performance [is] deficient and also prejudice[ial]." Maybe even DEPLORABLE???

  4. I'm the poor soul who spent over 10 years in prison with many many other prisoners trying to kill me for being charged with a sex offense THAT I DID NOT COMMIT i was in jail for a battery charge for helping a friend leave a boyfriend who beat her I've been saying for over 28 years that i did not and would never hurt a child like that mine or anybody's child but NOBODY wants to believe that i might not be guilty of this horrible crime or think that when i say that ALL the paperwork concerning my conviction has strangely DISAPPEARED or even when the long beach judge re-sentenced me over 14 months on a already filed plea bargain out of another districts court then had it filed under a fake name so i could not find while trying to fight my conviction on appeal in a nut shell people are ALWAYS quick to believe the worst about some one well I DID NOT HURT ANY CHILD EVER IN MY LIFE AND HAVE SAID THIS FOR ALMOST 30 YEARS please if anybody can me get some kind of justice it would be greatly appreciated respectfully written wrongly accused Brian Valenti

  5. A high ranking Indiana supreme Court operative caught red handed leading a group using the uber offensive N word! She must denounce or be denounced! (Or not since she is an insider ... rules do not apply to them). Evidence here: http://m.indianacompanies.us/friends-educational-fund-for-negroes.364110.company.v2#top_info

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