Adjudications don't violate double jeopardy

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The Indiana Court of Appeals affirmed that double jeopardy violations can be applicable to juveniles, but denied reversing a girl's adjudications because there were no violations in her case.

In H.M. v. State of Indiana, No. 49A02-0707-JV-576, H.M. challenged that her adjudications for attempted theft and battery constitute double jeopardy because the same evidence of her grabbing another girl's necklace was used to support both true findings.

The state argues there can't be a double jeopardy violation in this case because double jeopardy doesn't apply to juvenile proceedings where there is only one finding of delinquency and disposition. The state wanted the Court of Appeals to revisit its decision in D.B. v. State, 842 N.E.2d at 403, in which the state had the same argument; the appellate court declined to revisit D.B.

Double jeopardy prohibitions are applicable to juvenile proceedings because even though the court may issue one delinquency disposition relating to multiple true findings, there may be penal consequences later in life for the offender relating to those multiple offenses, wrote Judge Nancy Vaidik.

However, in the instant case, H.M.'s adjudications aren't subject to the double jeopardy prohibition because there is evidence H.M. battered the girl and caused her pain separate from just pulling on her necklace, wrote the judge. Under the actual evidence test, H.M.'s true findings for attempted theft and battery don't constitute double jeopardy.


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  1. Freedom From Religion Foundation: If you really want to be free from religion, don't go to the Christmas Play or the Christmas Pageant or the Christmas Parade. Anything with "Christ" or Saint...fill in the blank...would be off limits to you. Then leave the rest of us ALONE!

  2. So the prosecutor made an error and the defendants get a full remedy. Just one short paragraph to undo the harm of the erroneous prosecution. Wow. Just wow.

  3. Wake up!!!! Lawyers are useless!! it makes no difference in any way to speak about what is important!! Just dont tell your plans to the "SELFRIGHTEOUS ARROGANT JERKS!! WHO THINK THEY ARE BETTER THAN ANOTHER MAN/WOMAN!!!!!!

  4. Looks like you dont understand Democracy, Civilized Society does not cut a thiefs hands off, becouse now he cant steal or write or feed himself or learn !!! You deserve to be over punished, Many men are mistreated hurt in many ways before a breaking point happens! grow up !!!

  5. It was all that kept us from tyranny. So sad that so few among the elite cared enough to guard the sacred trust. Nobody has a more sacred obligation to obey the law than those who make the law. Sophocles No man is above the law and no man is below it; nor do we ask any man's permission when we ask him to obey it. Obedience to the law is demanded as a right; not asked as a favor. Theodore Roosevelt That was the ideal ... here is the Hoosier reality: The King can do no wrong. Legal maxim From the Latin 'Rex non potest peccare'. When the President does it, that means that it is not illegal. Richard Nixon