ILNews

Judges disagree on meaning of language in city ordinance

Back to TopCommentsE-mailPrintBookmark and Share

The Indiana Court of Appeals reversed a trial court in a property dispute, but Judge Ezra Friedlander disagreed with the majority based on his interpretation of “conspicuous change.”

In New Albany Historic Preservation Commission and City of New Albany v. Bradford Realty, Inc., No. 22A01-1108-PL-365, the New Albany Historic Preservation Commission and City of New Albany (NAHPC) appealed the trial court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of Bradford Realty. Bradford, which has owned a building in downtown New Albany since 1966, had successfully argued at trial that it was not required to obtain permission for exterior repairs because the NAHPC had never notified Bradford that its building was in a designated historic district.

In 1999, New Albany created Ordinance Section 151.06, which established rules and procedures pertaining to external modifications of buildings within its historic district. While the city published a notice about a public meeting before adopting the ordinance, it did not notify individual property owners of the impending rule. The ordinance was adopted in 2002.

In 2008, Bradford began to renovate the exterior of its building, replacing worn clapboard with vinyl siding. The historic preservation commission sent a letter notifying Bradford that Bradford needed a certificate of appropriateness before proceeding with an exterior modification of the property. Bradford responded that because it owned the building before the historic district existed, it was not bound by provisions of the ordinance. After completing repairs to the exterior, Bardford filed for its certificate of appropriateness as a courtesy to the Historic Preservation Commission, and the application was denied.

At trial, Bradford contended the NAHPC was obligated under the United States Constitution’s 14th Amendment to provide notice of the ordinance. But citing Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co., 339 U.S. 306, 314 (1950), the Court of Appeals disagreed.

Applying Mullane, the appellate court held that the city ordinance was a legislative act that did not fall within the purview of due process requirements under the 14th Amendment. It therefore reversed and remanded to the trial court to enter summary judgment for NAHPC.

In his dissent, Friedlander said that the ordinance requires property owners to obtain permission before making “conspicuous changes,” and in this context, he interpreted that to mean a change in character, with respect to appearance.

Looking at before and after photos of the building, Friedlander concluded the change did not alter the character of the building, and therefore, he would affirm the trial court.

 

ADVERTISEMENT

Post a comment to this story

COMMENTS POLICY
We reserve the right to remove any post that we feel is obscene, profane, vulgar, racist, sexually explicit, abusive, or hateful.
 
You are legally responsible for what you post and your anonymity is not guaranteed.
 
Posts that insult, defame, threaten, harass or abuse other readers or people mentioned in Indiana Lawyer editorial content are also subject to removal. Please respect the privacy of individuals and refrain from posting personal information.
 
No solicitations, spamming or advertisements are allowed. Readers may post links to other informational websites that are relevant to the topic at hand, but please do not link to objectionable material.
 
We may remove messages that are unrelated to the topic, encourage illegal activity, use all capital letters or are unreadable.
 

Messages that are flagged by readers as objectionable will be reviewed and may or may not be removed. Please do not flag a post simply because you disagree with it.

Sponsored by
ADVERTISEMENT
Subscribe to Indiana Lawyer
  1. Can I get this form on line,if not where can I obtain one. I am eligible.

  2. What a fine example of the best of the Hoosier tradition! How sad that the AP has to include partisan snark in the obit for this great American patriot and adventurer.

  3. Why are all these lawyers yakking to the media about pending matters? Trial by media? What the devil happened to not making extrajudicial statements? The system is falling apart.

  4. It is a sad story indeed as this couple has been only in survival mode, NOT found guilty with Ponzi, shaken down for 5 years and pursued by prosecution that has been ignited by a civil suit with very deep pockets wrenched in their bitterness...It has been said that many of us are breaking an average of 300 federal laws a day without even knowing it. Structuring laws, & civilForfeiture laws are among the scariest that need to be restructured or repealed . These laws were initially created for drug Lords and laundering money and now reach over that line. Here you have a couple that took out their own money, not drug money, not laundering. Yes...Many upset that they lost money...but how much did they make before it all fell apart? No one ask that question? A civil suit against Williams was awarded because he has no more money to fight...they pushed for a break in order...they took all his belongings...even underwear, shoes and clothes? who does that? What allows that? Maybe if you had the picture of him purchasing a jacket at the Goodwill just to go to court the next day...his enemy may be satisfied? But not likely...bitterness is a master. For happy ending lovers, you will be happy to know they have a faith that has changed their world and a solid love that many of us can only dream about. They will spend their time in federal jail for taking their money from their account, but at the end of the day they have loyal friends, a true love and a hope of a new life in time...and none of that can be bought or taken That is the real story.

  5. Could be his email did something especially heinous, really over the top like questioning Ind S.Ct. officials or accusing JLAP of being the political correctness police.

ADVERTISEMENT