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Convenience stores continue fight for cold beer

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Indiana convenience stores are pushing forward with their effort to persuade the courts to upend the state’s restrictions on cold beer sales.

On Tuesday the Indiana Petroleum Marketers and Convenience Store Association announced it is appealing a federal court ruling that upheld Indiana’s alcohol law and has filed a complaint in Marion Superior Court.

“The fight for common sense, fair competition and rewarding – rather than punishing – responsible beer sellers continues,” said plaintiffs’ attorney John Maley of Barnes & Thornburg.

Patrick Tamm, CEO of the Indiana Association of Beverage Retailers, said he was not surprised by the notice to appeal, charging the convenience stores have already spent a considerable amount of money on this litigation.

“These plaintiffs are large corporate interests with deep pockets and have much to gain in overturning Indiana law – even as they admitted in their own testimony calling their gas stations and convenience stores that sell alcohol ‘profit centers.’”

In 2013 the convenience store association, along with Ricker Oil Co., Thornton’s and Freedom Oil, filed a complaint in federal court, challenging the constitutionality of the state statute which permits only liquor stores to sell beer cold. Richard Young, chief judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, granted summary judgment in favor of the state, finding the alcohol laws were rational.

The appeal to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals argues the District Court committed legal error.
 
In the complaint filed in Marion County, the convenience stores revive the state claims that the federal court relinquished. In particular, the association argues that the cold beer prohibition violates the Equal Privileges Clause of the Indiana Constitution.

Maley maintained the purpose of the clause is to prevent state government from favoring one business over another. The Indiana Supreme Court has repeatedly upheld that precedent, most recently doing so in February when it overturned Evansville’s smoking ordinance, he said.

“That’s what the antiquated cold beer prohibition does in this setting. It picks a winner and establishes a monopoly,” Maley said. “Hoosiers pay more as a result and public safety is put at risk because a less-responsible retailer is given that privilege. The Indiana Constitution prohibits that.”

Maley’s reference to public safety highlights the main thrust of the association’s argument.

As in its original complaint filed in federal court, the association points to statistics from the Indiana Alcohol and Tobacco Commission that show liquor stores have been cited more time for selling to minors than groceries, pharmacies, and convenience stores combined. The plaintiffs assert that limiting cold beer sales to package stores is not rational because their compliance rate is poor compared to the other retailers.

However, Young found the statistics to be problematic. He said it is “pure speculation” to conclude the other businesses will maintain their compliance rates if they are allowed to sell cold beer. In fact, he points to testimony from Thornton’s, Inc., which noted the retailer has been cited for selling to minors in state’s were cold beer sales are permitted.

Maley and Scot Imus, association executive director, maintained the compliance rate would not fall if the retailers were allowed to put beer in their refrigerators. They argue convenience stores deter underage drinkers because the businesses are well-lit, filled with people and frequented by police. They say clerks will not forget to comply with the law against selling to minors once the beer is cold.

Moreover, they said, the beer would be removed from the shelves and floors, where it is easily seen by children and teenagers, and placed further away in the coolers where it would be less visible and accessible.

“The reason (convenience stores) do better is because of the nature of the industry,” Maley said of the plaintiffs’ compliance rate. “They are responsible sophisticated businesses, not one-off liquor stores that have an incentive to sell that next 12-pack because they need the three bucks profit.”

Early next month, Maley said the plaintiffs will be filing a motion in Marion Superior Court for summary judgment. Also, he said, the effort to get the Legislature to rewrite the state law will continue.

 

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  1. I have been on this program while on parole from 2011-2013. No person should be forced mentally to share private details of their personal life with total strangers. Also giving permission for a mental therapist to report to your parole agent that your not participating in group therapy because you don't have the financial mean to be in the group therapy. I was personally singled out and sent back three times for not having money and also sent back within the six month when you aren't to be sent according to state law. I will work to het this INSOMM's removed from this state. I also had twelve or thirteen parole agents with a fifteen month period. Thanks for your time.

  2. Our nation produces very few jurists of the caliber of Justice DOUGLAS and his peers these days. Here is that great civil libertarian, who recognized government as both a blessing and, when corrupted by ideological interests, a curse: "Once the investigator has only the conscience of government as a guide, the conscience can become ‘ravenous,’ as Cromwell, bent on destroying Thomas More, said in Bolt, A Man For All Seasons (1960), p. 120. The First Amendment mirrors many episodes where men, harried and harassed by government, sought refuge in their conscience, as these lines of Thomas More show: ‘MORE: And when we stand before God, and you are sent to Paradise for doing according to your conscience, *575 and I am damned for not doing according to mine, will you come with me, for fellowship? ‘CRANMER: So those of us whose names are there are damned, Sir Thomas? ‘MORE: I don't know, Your Grace. I have no window to look into another man's conscience. I condemn no one. ‘CRANMER: Then the matter is capable of question? ‘MORE: Certainly. ‘CRANMER: But that you owe obedience to your King is not capable of question. So weigh a doubt against a certainty—and sign. ‘MORE: Some men think the Earth is round, others think it flat; it is a matter capable of question. But if it is flat, will the King's command make it round? And if it is round, will the King's command flatten it? No, I will not sign.’ Id., pp. 132—133. DOUGLAS THEN WROTE: Where government is the Big Brother,11 privacy gives way to surveillance. **909 But our commitment is otherwise. *576 By the First Amendment we have staked our security on freedom to promote a multiplicity of ideas, to associate at will with kindred spirits, and to defy governmental intrusion into these precincts" Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Comm., 372 U.S. 539, 574-76, 83 S. Ct. 889, 908-09, 9 L. Ed. 2d 929 (1963) Mr. Justice DOUGLAS, concurring. I write: Happy Memorial Day to all -- God please bless our fallen who lived and died to preserve constitutional governance in our wonderful series of Republics. And God open the eyes of those government officials who denounce the constitutions of these Republics by arbitrary actions arising out capricious motives.

  3. From back in the day before secularism got a stranglehold on Hoosier jurists comes this great excerpt via Indiana federal court judge Allan Sharp, dedicated to those many Indiana government attorneys (with whom I have dealt) who count the law as a mere tool, an optional tool that is not to be used when political correctness compels a more acceptable result than merely following the path that the law directs: ALLEN SHARP, District Judge. I. In a scene following a visit by Henry VIII to the home of Sir Thomas More, playwriter Robert Bolt puts the following words into the mouths of his characters: Margaret: Father, that man's bad. MORE: There is no law against that. ROPER: There is! God's law! MORE: Then God can arrest him. ROPER: Sophistication upon sophistication! MORE: No, sheer simplicity. The law, Roper, the law. I know what's legal not what's right. And I'll stick to what's legal. ROPER: Then you set man's law above God's! MORE: No, far below; but let me draw your attention to a fact I'm not God. The currents and eddies of right and wrong, which you find such plain sailing, I can't navigate. I'm no voyager. But in the thickets of law, oh, there I'm a forester. I doubt if there's a man alive who could follow me there, thank God... ALICE: (Exasperated, pointing after Rich) While you talk, he's gone! MORE: And go he should, if he was the Devil himself, until he broke the law! ROPER: So now you'd give the Devil benefit of law! MORE: Yes. What would you do? Cut a great road through the law to get after the Devil? ROPER: I'd cut down every law in England to do that! MORE: (Roused and excited) Oh? (Advances on Roper) And when the last law was down, and the Devil turned round on you where would you hide, Roper, the laws being flat? (He leaves *1257 him) This country's planted thick with laws from coast to coast man's laws, not God's and if you cut them down and you're just the man to do it d'you really think you would stand upright in the winds that would blow then? (Quietly) Yes, I'd give the Devil benefit of law, for my own safety's sake. ROPER: I have long suspected this; this is the golden calf; the law's your god. MORE: (Wearily) Oh, Roper, you're a fool, God's my god... (Rather bitterly) But I find him rather too (Very bitterly) subtle... I don't know where he is nor what he wants. ROPER: My God wants service, to the end and unremitting; nothing else! MORE: (Dryly) Are you sure that's God! He sounds like Moloch. But indeed it may be God And whoever hunts for me, Roper, God or Devil, will find me hiding in the thickets of the law! And I'll hide my daughter with me! Not hoist her up the mainmast of your seagoing principles! They put about too nimbly! (Exit More. They all look after him). Pgs. 65-67, A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS A Play in Two Acts, Robert Bolt, Random House, New York, 1960. Linley E. Pearson, Atty. Gen. of Indiana, Indianapolis, for defendants. Childs v. Duckworth, 509 F. Supp. 1254, 1256 (N.D. Ind. 1981) aff'd, 705 F.2d 915 (7th Cir. 1983)

  4. "Meanwhile small- and mid-size firms are getting squeezed and likely will not survive unless they become a boutique firm." I've been a business attorney in small, and now mid-size firm for over 30 years, and for over 30 years legal consultants have been preaching this exact same mantra of impending doom for small and mid-sized firms -- verbatim. This claim apparently helps them gin up merger opportunities from smaller firms who become convinced that they need to become larger overnight. The claim that large corporations are interested in cost-saving and efficiency has likewise been preached for decades, and is likewise bunk. If large corporations had any real interest in saving money they wouldn't use large law firms whose rates are substantially higher than those of high-quality mid-sized firms.

  5. The family is the foundation of all human government. That is the Grand Design. Modern governments throw off this Design and make bureaucratic war against the family, as does Hollywood and cultural elitists such as third wave feminists. Since WWII we have been on a ship of fools that way, with both the elite and government and their social engineering hacks relentlessly attacking the very foundation of social order. And their success? See it in the streets of Fergusson, on the food stamp doles (mostly broken families)and in the above article. Reject the Grand Design for true social function, enter the Glorious State to manage social dysfunction. Our Brave New World will be a prison camp, and we will welcome it as the only way to manage given the anarchy without it.

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