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Convenience stores continue fight for cold beer

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Indiana convenience stores are pushing forward with their effort to persuade the courts to upend the state’s restrictions on cold beer sales.

On Tuesday the Indiana Petroleum Marketers and Convenience Store Association announced it is appealing a federal court ruling that upheld Indiana’s alcohol law and has filed a complaint in Marion Superior Court.

“The fight for common sense, fair competition and rewarding – rather than punishing – responsible beer sellers continues,” said plaintiffs’ attorney John Maley of Barnes & Thornburg.

Patrick Tamm, CEO of the Indiana Association of Beverage Retailers, said he was not surprised by the notice to appeal, charging the convenience stores have already spent a considerable amount of money on this litigation.

“These plaintiffs are large corporate interests with deep pockets and have much to gain in overturning Indiana law – even as they admitted in their own testimony calling their gas stations and convenience stores that sell alcohol ‘profit centers.’”

In 2013 the convenience store association, along with Ricker Oil Co., Thornton’s and Freedom Oil, filed a complaint in federal court, challenging the constitutionality of the state statute which permits only liquor stores to sell beer cold. Richard Young, chief judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, granted summary judgment in favor of the state, finding the alcohol laws were rational.

The appeal to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals argues the District Court committed legal error.
 
In the complaint filed in Marion County, the convenience stores revive the state claims that the federal court relinquished. In particular, the association argues that the cold beer prohibition violates the Equal Privileges Clause of the Indiana Constitution.

Maley maintained the purpose of the clause is to prevent state government from favoring one business over another. The Indiana Supreme Court has repeatedly upheld that precedent, most recently doing so in February when it overturned Evansville’s smoking ordinance, he said.

“That’s what the antiquated cold beer prohibition does in this setting. It picks a winner and establishes a monopoly,” Maley said. “Hoosiers pay more as a result and public safety is put at risk because a less-responsible retailer is given that privilege. The Indiana Constitution prohibits that.”

Maley’s reference to public safety highlights the main thrust of the association’s argument.

As in its original complaint filed in federal court, the association points to statistics from the Indiana Alcohol and Tobacco Commission that show liquor stores have been cited more time for selling to minors than groceries, pharmacies, and convenience stores combined. The plaintiffs assert that limiting cold beer sales to package stores is not rational because their compliance rate is poor compared to the other retailers.

However, Young found the statistics to be problematic. He said it is “pure speculation” to conclude the other businesses will maintain their compliance rates if they are allowed to sell cold beer. In fact, he points to testimony from Thornton’s, Inc., which noted the retailer has been cited for selling to minors in state’s were cold beer sales are permitted.

Maley and Scot Imus, association executive director, maintained the compliance rate would not fall if the retailers were allowed to put beer in their refrigerators. They argue convenience stores deter underage drinkers because the businesses are well-lit, filled with people and frequented by police. They say clerks will not forget to comply with the law against selling to minors once the beer is cold.

Moreover, they said, the beer would be removed from the shelves and floors, where it is easily seen by children and teenagers, and placed further away in the coolers where it would be less visible and accessible.

“The reason (convenience stores) do better is because of the nature of the industry,” Maley said of the plaintiffs’ compliance rate. “They are responsible sophisticated businesses, not one-off liquor stores that have an incentive to sell that next 12-pack because they need the three bucks profit.”

Early next month, Maley said the plaintiffs will be filing a motion in Marion Superior Court for summary judgment. Also, he said, the effort to get the Legislature to rewrite the state law will continue.

 

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  1. Yes diversity is so very important. With justice Rucker off ... the court is too white. Still too male. No Hispanic justice. No LGBT justice. And there are other checkboxes missing as well. This will not do. I say hold the seat until a physically handicapped Black Lesbian of Hispanic heritage and eastern religious creed with bipolar issues can be located. Perhaps an international search, with a preference for third world candidates, is indicated. A non English speaker would surely increase our diversity quotient!!!

  2. First, I want to thank Justice Rucker for his many years of public service, not just at the appellate court level for over 25 years, but also when he served the people of Lake County as a Deputy Prosecutor, City Attorney for Gary, IN, and in private practice in a smaller, highly diverse community with a history of serious economic challenges, ethnic tensions, and recently publicized but apparently long-standing environmental health risks to some of its poorest residents. Congratulations for having the dedication & courage to practice law in areas many in our state might have considered too dangerous or too poor at different points in time. It was also courageous to step into a prominent and highly visible position of public service & respect in the early 1990's, remaining in a position that left you open to state-wide public scrutiny (without any glitches) for over 25 years. Yes, Hoosiers of all backgrounds can take pride in your many years of public service. But people of color who watched your ascent to the highest levels of state government no doubt felt even more as you transcended some real & perhaps some perceived social, economic, academic and professional barriers. You were living proof that, with hard work, dedication & a spirit of public service, a person who shared their same skin tone or came from the same county they grew up in could achieve great success. At the same time, perhaps unknowingly, you helped fellow members of the judiciary, court staff, litigants and the public better understand that differences that are only skin-deep neither define nor limit a person's character, abilities or prospects in life. You also helped others appreciate that people of different races & backgrounds can live and work together peacefully & productively for the greater good of all. Those are truths that didn't have to be written down in court opinions. Anyone paying attention could see that truth lived out every day you devoted to public service. I believe you have been a "trailblazer" in Indiana's legal community and its judiciary. I also embrace your belief that society's needs can be better served when people in positions of governmental power reflect the many complexions of the population that they serve. Whether through greater understanding across the existing racial spectrum or through the removal of some real and some perceived color-based, hope-crushing barriers to life opportunities & success, movement toward a more reflective representation of the population being governed will lead to greater and uninterrupted respect for laws designed to protect all peoples' rights to life, liberty & the pursuit of happiness. Thanks again for a job well-done & for the inevitable positive impact your service has had - and will continue to have - on countless Hoosiers of all backgrounds & colors.

  3. Diversity is important, but with some limitations. For instance, diversity of experience is a great thing that can be very helpful in certain jobs or roles. Diversity of skin color is never important, ever, under any circumstance. To think that skin color changes one single thing about a person is patently racist and offensive. Likewise, diversity of values is useless. Some values are better than others. In the case of a supreme court justice, I actually think diversity is unimportant. The justices are not to impose their own beliefs on rulings, but need to apply the law to the facts in an objective manner.

  4. Have been seeing this wonderful physician for a few years and was one of his patients who told him about what we were being told at CVS. Multiple ones. This was a witch hunt and they shold be ashamed of how patients were treated. Most of all, CVS should be ashamed for what they put this physician through. So thankful he fought back. His office is no "pill mill'. He does drug testing multiple times a year and sees patients a minimum of four times a year.

  5. Brian W, I fear I have not been sufficiently entertaining to bring you back. Here is a real laugh track that just might do it. When one is grabbed by the scruff of his worldview and made to choose between his Confession and his profession ... it is a not a hard choice, given the Confession affects eternity. But then comes the hardship in this world. Imagine how often I hear taunts like yours ... "what, you could not even pass character and fitness after they let you sit and pass their bar exam ... dude, there must really be something wrong with you!" Even one of the Bishop's foremost courtiers said that, when explaining why the RCC refused to stand with me. You want entertaining? How about watching your personal economy crash while you have a wife and five kids to clothe and feed. And you can't because you cannot work, because those demanding you cast off your Confession to be allowed into "their" profession have all the control. And you know that they are wrong, dead wrong, and that even the professional code itself allows your Faithful stand, to wit: "A lawyer may refuse to comply with an obligation imposed by law upon a good faith belief that no valid obligation exists. The provisions of Rule 1.2(d) concerning a good faith challenge to the validity, scope, meaning or application of the law apply to challenges of legal regulation of the practice of law." YET YOU ARE A NONPERSON before the BLE, and will not be heard on your rights or their duties to the law -- you are under tyranny, not law. And so they win in this world, you lose, and you lose even your belief in the rule of law, and demoralization joins poverty, and very troubling thoughts impeaching self worth rush in to fill the void where your career once lived. Thoughts you did not think possible. You find yourself a failure ... in your profession, in your support of your family, in the mirror. And there is little to keep hope alive, because tyranny rules so firmly and none, not the church, not the NGO's, none truly give a damn. Not even a new court, who pay such lip service to justice and ancient role models. You want entertainment? Well if you are on the side of the courtiers running the system that has crushed me, as I suspect you are, then Orwell must be a real riot: "There will be no curiosity, no enjoyment of the process of life. All competing pleasures will be destroyed. But always — do not forget this, Winston — always there will be the intoxication of power, constantly increasing and constantly growing subtler. Always, at every moment, there will be the thrill of victory, the sensation of trampling on an enemy who is helpless. If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face — forever." I never thought they would win, I always thought that at the end of the day the rule of law would prevail. Yes, the rule of man's law. Instead power prevailed, so many rules broken by the system to break me. It took years, but, finally, the end that Dr Bowman predicted is upon me, the end that she advised the BLE to take to break me. Ironically, that is the one thing in her far left of center report that the BLE (after stamping, in red ink, on Jan 22) is uninterested in, as that the BLE and ADA office that used the federal statute as a sword now refuses to even dialogue on her dire prediction as to my fate. "C'est la vie" Entertaining enough for you, status quo defender?

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