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COA: drug court participant not entitled to credit time for electronic monitoring

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The trial court properly denied awarding credit time to a drug court participant on electronic monitoring who violated the conditions of his agreement four times, the Indiana Court of Appeals ruled.

Steven R. Perry appealed the denial of his motion for credit time for time he spent on electronic monitoring as a drug court program participant.

“Perry frames the issue as whether Indiana jurisprudence should be modified to adopt a single analysis for awarding credit time for periods of electronic monitoring served regardless of the pretrial or post-conviction status of the defendant. This, rather, is a case of whether the trial court abused its discretion in denying credit time to a person who failed to comply with conditions for participating in a drug court program,” Judge Margret Robb wrote.

Perry’s convictions of Class D felony residential entry and Class B misdemeanor public intoxication would be deferred under a plea agreement as long as he successfully completed a drug court program. Perry did not; he was sanctioned three times by the drug court for violating his participating agreement and had his participation terminated after he pleaded guilty to a count of Class D felony intimidation. This led to the court entering a judgment of conviction on the two deferred charges. Perry sought 127 days of credit time applied to that sentence based on the time he was on electronic monitoring.

The Court of Appeals found Meadows v. State, 2 N.E.3d 788 (Ind. Ct. App. 2014), to be instructive. That court found it was within a trial court’s discretion to award or deny credit time spent on electronic monitoring while participating in a deferral program.

“A participant in drug court is not awaiting trial or awaiting sentencing under Indiana Code section 35-50-6-3. Though Perry expresses concern this court is creating a new, third category of offenders that is not contemplated by the credit time statute, we disagree. It is well-established that there are others who fall outside the purview of the credit time statute: a person on pretrial home detention or electronic monitoring,” Robb wrote in Steven R. Perry v. State of Indiana, 39A01-1312-CR-517.

A drug court participant receives “considerable benefits” in return for giving up a “plethora of substantive claims and procedural rights,” she continued. There are many positive results for a defendant who successfully completes a drug court program, but there are also negative consequences for failing.

“Not receiving credit time for time spent on electronic monitoring while participating in a drug court program is potentially one of those negative consequences,” she wrote.

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  2. The practitioners and judges who hail E-filing as the Saviour of the West need to contain their respective excitements. E-filing is federal court requires the practitioner to cram his motion practice into pigeonholes created by IT people. Compound motions or those seeking alternative relief are effectively barred, unless the practitioner wants to receive a tart note from some functionary admonishing about the "problem". E-filing is just another method by which courts and judges transfer their burden to practitioners, who are the really the only powerless components of the system. Of COURSE it is easier for the court to require all of its imput to conform to certain formats, but this imposition does NOT improve the quality of the practice of law and does NOT improve the ability of the practitioner to advocate for his client or to fashion pleadings that exactly conform to his client's best interests. And we should be very wary of the disingenuous pablum about the costs. The courts will find a way to stick it to the practitioner. Lake County is a VERY good example of this rapaciousness. Any one who does not believe this is invited to review the various special fees that system imposes upon practitioners- as practitioners- and upon each case ON TOP of the court costs normal in every case manually filed. Jurisprudence according to Aldous Huxley.

  3. Any attorneys who practice in federal court should be able to say the same as I can ... efiling is great. I have been doing it in fed court since it started way back. Pacer has its drawbacks, but the ability to hit an e-docket and pull up anything and everything onscreen is a huge plus for a litigator, eps the sole practitioner, who lacks a filing clerk and the paralegal support of large firms. Were I an Indiana attorney I would welcome this great step forward.

  4. Can we get full disclosure on lobbyist's payments to legislatures such as Mr Buck? AS long as there are idiots that are disrespectful of neighbors and intent on shooting fireworks every night, some kind of regulations are needed.

  5. I am the mother of the child in this case. My silence on the matter was due to the fact that I filed, both in Illinois and Indiana, child support cases. I even filed supporting documentation with the Indiana family law court. Not sure whether this information was provided to the court of appeals or not. Wish the case was done before moving to Indiana, because no matter what, there is NO WAY the state of Illinois would have allowed an appeal on a child support case!

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