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Bales trial in jury's hands after colorful closings

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SOUTH BEND — The jury began deliberations Thursday in the federal fraud trial of Indianapolis real estate broker John M. Bales and partner William E. Spencer after three hours of spirited closing arguments Wednesday.

A federal prosecutor and two top-tier Indianapolis defense attorneys representing Bales and Spencer closed their cases with a series of rhetorical flourishes and one-liners designed to stick with jurors as they consider whether the men are guilty of 13 felony charges, including bank, wire and mail fraud.

Previous coverage of the trial and Elkhart lease deal can be found here.

Here's a sample of what the attorneys had to say in U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana:

— "Bales and Spencer decide to make extra money on a state deal, even though it's not allowed, and then hide it."  - Assistant U.S. Attorney Jesse Barrett, summarizing the government's case that the defendants defrauded the state and a bank by secretly taking any ownership interest in an Elkhart building the state later leased. Their company, Venture Real Estate Services, had a state contract that banned direct or indirect ownership in buildings where the firm brokered lease deals.

— "This is a fraud case where the defendant is the single biggest loser." - Bales defense attorney Larry Mackey, arguing both Bales and Spencer ultimately will lose money on their investment in the Elkhart building. He contends Bales put up his own money for a down payment on the building to expedite a move by the state's Department of Child Services out of a crime-plagued former office location.

— "The government is saying the victims here are the state and bank. We're saying the two victims are Mr. Spencer and Mr. Bales." - Spencer attorney Bernard Pylitt.

— "During this trial, I could almost feel Lady Justice looking over us and just shaking her head." - Mackey, just warming up.

— "Keep your eye on the ball, and the ball is Mr. Page, Mr. Page, Mr. Page." - Mackey, referring to Indianapolis attorney Paul J. Page, the deed owner of the Elkhart building, who declined to pony up his own down payment to buy the building.

— "It would have been so easy if there was no intent to cover up to say that 'we gave some money to Paul Page.'" - Barrett, on Venture's missed opportunities to come clean with state officials who questioned Venture's role in the Elkhart deal.

— "I'm going to show you 29 different times John Bales, Bill Spencer or someone at Venture lied to the state or bank about the Elkhart deal." - Barrett, before showing the jury 29 emails and other documents he argued advanced a cover-up.

— "The pathetic proof on the bank fraud tells you a lot about the rest of their case." - Mackey, noting that neither Bales nor Spencer signed for Page's bank loan from Huntington. Page was also charged but agreed in January to plead guilty and cooperate with the government.

— "Two weeks ago, Huntington gave Mr. Bales a car loan." - Mackey, suggested a truly defrauded bank might stop doing business with the one doing the defrauding.

— "I'm going to submit to you Paul Page earned the label." - Mackey, referring to the limited liability company called L&BAB that owned the Elkhart building. Bales used the acronym "lazy and broke-ass bitch" when he formed the company as an "inside joke" smearing Page.

— "Paul Page was the lazy and broken-ass bitch in this deal." - Pylitt.

— "Paul Page is a crook." - Mackey.

— "They knew when they approached him and formed the LLC that he was lazy and broke." - Barrett.

— "We gave you high-tech, now we're going low-tech." - Barrett, eschewing PowerPoint and instead showing the jury giant posters of financial statements Bales and Spencer submitted to another bank as they considered an outright purchase of the Elkhart building from Page in the summer of 2009. (Such a deal, which did not materialize, would have been an unequivocal violation of their state contract.) Both men showed as assets their interest in BAB Equity LLC, which provided the down payment for the Elkhart building. Bales valued his stake at $290,000, and Spencer valued his at $51,350.

— "A grand conspiracy born in the U.S. Attorney's Office." - Mackey, referring to the government's case.

— "At some point, it's not everyone else's fault." - Barrett.

— "You gotta evaluate a witness' credibility. He doesn't deserve any." - Mackey, referring to state leasing director Steve Harless, one of several government witnesses the defense sought to discredit.

— "Go back and guess these guys guilty. That's what the government is asking you do do." - Pylitt, on the lack of a definition of the term "indirect ownership" in Venture's contract with the state.

— "I know you told us none of you are reporters, but you can write tomorrow's headline, and this is what it should be: Not guilty. Not guilty. Not guilty." - Mackey.

— "You can be dumb, stupid and foolish, but that doesn't make you a criminal." - Pylitt, following Mackey in arguing their clients would not have left so many breadcrumbs had they intended to defraud the state or bank.

— "I can't tell you whether Bales or Spencer were smart crooks or stupid crooks." - Barrett.
 

The IBJ is a sister pubilcation of Indiana Lawyer.

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  2. For the record no one could answer the equal protection / substantive due process challenge I issued in the first post below. The lawless and accountable only to power bureaucrats never did either. All who interface with the Indiana law examiners or JLAP be warned.

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  5. First, I want to thank Justice Rucker for his many years of public service, not just at the appellate court level for over 25 years, but also when he served the people of Lake County as a Deputy Prosecutor, City Attorney for Gary, IN, and in private practice in a smaller, highly diverse community with a history of serious economic challenges, ethnic tensions, and recently publicized but apparently long-standing environmental health risks to some of its poorest residents. Congratulations for having the dedication & courage to practice law in areas many in our state might have considered too dangerous or too poor at different points in time. It was also courageous to step into a prominent and highly visible position of public service & respect in the early 1990's, remaining in a position that left you open to state-wide public scrutiny (without any glitches) for over 25 years. Yes, Hoosiers of all backgrounds can take pride in your many years of public service. But people of color who watched your ascent to the highest levels of state government no doubt felt even more as you transcended some real & perhaps some perceived social, economic, academic and professional barriers. You were living proof that, with hard work, dedication & a spirit of public service, a person who shared their same skin tone or came from the same county they grew up in could achieve great success. At the same time, perhaps unknowingly, you helped fellow members of the judiciary, court staff, litigants and the public better understand that differences that are only skin-deep neither define nor limit a person's character, abilities or prospects in life. You also helped others appreciate that people of different races & backgrounds can live and work together peacefully & productively for the greater good of all. Those are truths that didn't have to be written down in court opinions. Anyone paying attention could see that truth lived out every day you devoted to public service. I believe you have been a "trailblazer" in Indiana's legal community and its judiciary. I also embrace your belief that society's needs can be better served when people in positions of governmental power reflect the many complexions of the population that they serve. Whether through greater understanding across the existing racial spectrum or through the removal of some real and some perceived color-based, hope-crushing barriers to life opportunities & success, movement toward a more reflective representation of the population being governed will lead to greater and uninterrupted respect for laws designed to protect all peoples' rights to life, liberty & the pursuit of happiness. Thanks again for a job well-done & for the inevitable positive impact your service has had - and will continue to have - on countless Hoosiers of all backgrounds & colors.

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