ILNews

Center, interns address migrant workers' legal rights

Back to TopCommentsE-mailPrintBookmark and Share

Every summer, while largely unseen by most Hoosiers, migrant workers visit Indiana to work on farms with promises of wages, safe living conditions for themselves and their families, possible reimbursement for travel costs, and a host of other things they are allowed under the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act.

Yet every year, there are camps and farmers that don’t follow the law and migrant workers don’t receive what they were promised.

Indiana Legal Services Migrant Farm Workers Center, led by Melody Goldberg, helps these workers understand their legal rights. The center has interns who Goldberg trains to travel in pairs to visit the workers during the summer farm season.
 

Migrant Melody Goldberg, front, leads the Indiana Legal Services Migrant Farm Workers Center that helps workers with legal matters. Traveling in pairs to workers’ camps throughout Indiana are interns Katie Bailey, back from left, Cristal Cabrera, and Jim Smerbeck. Mercedes Rodriguez, not pictured, is also interning at the center. (IL Photo/ Perry Reichanadter)

While the outreach typically takes place only in the summer, Goldberg spends the rest of the year preparing the internship program and preparing lawsuits in an office where a map of Indiana has seemingly countless multi-colored pins to represent different camps where migrant workers have lived.

Goldberg said she and her interns don’t literally go into the fields or farms, but instead meet them where they live, generally in houses, trailers, or apartments if the farmers have them on the property. Sometimes they live in hotels if the season is particularly short for the job, such as corn detassling that only occurs over four to six weeks.

In many cases, even if the camp is on or near the farm, the farmer may live many miles away or a large company might oversee the farm and not have an owner on site or even in the state.

To prepare her four summer interns, Goldberg conducted training at the ILS Indianapolis office during three days in late May, ending with a trip to two farms in southern Indiana.

She explained to the interns what’s most important to the workers of all their rights: whether or not they get paid.

However, she said, it’s still important to document everything they notice that is not up to the standards of the MSAWPA.

“They probably won’t complain if a poster detailing their rights isn’t posted in a common area,” she said, “but it’s good to include that in a report along with all other violations,” even if they seem minor to the workers.

She gave an example of a group of workers who traveled by bus to Indiana – something she said is fairly uncommon as most workers tend to drive their own cars or vans to get to work sites. In that case, the workers had complained about wages, but it turned out the bus was missing proper windows, the workers were pelted by rain for part of their journey, and their luggage blocked the exits.

She said they may have been bothered by the traveling conditions, but that wasn’t their main complaint.

In other situations, even if the workers don’t get everything they were promised, she said they still won’t file a lawsuit because it’s not worth it to them to deal with the court process.

Because many of the workers live in Texas or Florida, she said she will sometimes work with those state’s equivalents of the ILS program to help file lawsuits in their courts instead of in Indiana. She added some come from other Midwestern states, and most are of Mexican origins and a fair number are from Haiti.

But of the handful of lawsuits she has filed, all have settled before going to trial.

As to whether the outcomes of the settlements were fair, she said “yes and no.”

Like all lawsuits, the plaintiff thinks they’re entitled to everything, which for migrant workers is up to $500 per worker per violation per year. So if there was a mom, dad, and a child, and each had a claim, they can claim up to $1,500. If all three people could claim three violations per person the first year, four violations per person the second year, and six violations per person the third year, that’s up to $19,500 they can claim.

And like all lawsuits, the defendants will claim they don’t owe the plaintiffs anything or maybe a small portion of what the plaintiffs ask for.

Goldberg said it’s then part of her job to explain to the workers that if they file a suit, even if they win at the trial level – and she said she wouldn’t likely request a jury trial if one did progress to that level – the worker could still need to wait for the appeals process, which could take a few years. They would also need to return to Indiana for court dates, which might not be feasible for them.

Once they learn how long they might need to wait, she said, they decide they’d rather have the money they need right away and settle for much less than they could possibly get if they were willing to wait up to five or six years.

In many of these situations, the workers not only stop working for the farmer they sue, but they also stop coming to Indiana.

Because Goldberg has always settled cases she’s filed since joining the program in 2006, there has been no way to enforce changes on the farmers.

While Goldberg and the interns spend the summer fact finding and seeking violations of the act that’s there to protect migrant workers, she said some camps are fine, and at least one she has seen had nice apartments with new kitchens and appliances.

She has also helped migrant workers with legal issues other than employment issues such as immigration matters, family law issues, public benefits questions, and tax matters.

The interns who are working for the center this summer have different reasons for being there.

Jim Smerbeck, who just finished his first year at Indiana University School of Law – Indianapolis, worked with former migrant workers in a program that helped them find permanent jobs and encouraged computer literacy. While there, he saw a gap in the legal representation.

Cristal Cabrera said the program “hit close to home” for her because she would hear her own family talk about what it was like for them to come to the United States. Some of her family members were migrant workers themselves, and she was interested to see what it was like for migrant workers now.

“I want to help those who need help the most,” she said, adding her family members were excited for her opportunity.

“I think they’re waiting to hear about what I experience and what feelings I have after I do outreach this summer,” said Cabrera, who just finished her first year at Valparaiso University School of Law.

Mercedes Rodriguez said her situation was similar to Cabrera’s in that her relatives also immigrated to the United States. She said she was from a large Cuban family and thought this experience “would be a great fit.”

She said she looked forward to using her Spanish language skills to empathize with the workers. Like Smerbeck, she also just finished her first year at I.U. School of Law – Indianapolis.

Katie Bailey, who just finished her sophomore year at St. Louis University, said she lived in Mexico and had heard stories from family members of migrant workers. She said she was interested in trying to help people who were in similar situations to the stories she had heard.

Said Goldberg, “The Migrant Farm Workers Center’s work would not be possible without the students.”•

ADVERTISEMENT

Post a comment to this story

COMMENTS POLICY
We reserve the right to remove any post that we feel is obscene, profane, vulgar, racist, sexually explicit, abusive, or hateful.
 
You are legally responsible for what you post and your anonymity is not guaranteed.
 
Posts that insult, defame, threaten, harass or abuse other readers or people mentioned in Indiana Lawyer editorial content are also subject to removal. Please respect the privacy of individuals and refrain from posting personal information.
 
No solicitations, spamming or advertisements are allowed. Readers may post links to other informational websites that are relevant to the topic at hand, but please do not link to objectionable material.
 
We may remove messages that are unrelated to the topic, encourage illegal activity, use all capital letters or are unreadable.
 

Messages that are flagged by readers as objectionable will be reviewed and may or may not be removed. Please do not flag a post simply because you disagree with it.

Sponsored by
2015 Distinguished Barrister &
Up and Coming Lawyer Reception

Tuesday, May 5, 2015 • 4:30 - 7:00 pm
Learn More


ADVERTISEMENT
Subscribe to Indiana Lawyer
  1. A traditional parade of attorneys? Really Evansville? Y'all need to get out more. When is the traditional parade of notaries? Nurses? Sanitation workers? Pole dancers? I gotta wonder, do throngs of admiring citizens gather to laud these marching servants of the constitution? "Show us your billing records!!!" Hoping some video gets posted. Ours is not a narcissistic profession by any chance, is it? Nah .....

  2. My previous comment not an aside at court. I agree with smith. Good call. Just thought posting here a bit on the if it bleeds it leads side. Most attorneys need to think of last lines of story above.

  3. Hello everyone I'm Gina and I'm here for the exact same thing you are. I have the wonderful joy of waking up every morning to my heart being pulled out and sheer terror of what DCS is going to Throw at me and my family today.Let me start from the !bebeginning.My daughter lost all rights to her 3beautiful children due to Severe mental issues she no longer lives in our state and has cut all ties.DCS led her to belive that once she done signed over her right the babies would be with their family. We have faught screamed begged and anything else we could possibly due I hired a lawyer five grand down the drain.You know all I want is my babies home.I've done everything they have even asked me to do.Now their saying I can't see my grandchildren cause I'M on a prescription for paipain.I have a very rare blood disease it causes cellulitis a form of blood poisoning to stay dormant in my tissues and nervous system it also causes a ,blood clotting disorder.even with the two blood thinners I'm on I still Continue to develop them them also.DCS knows about my illness and still they refuse to let me see my grandchildren. I Love and miss them so much Please can anyone help Us my grandchildren and I they should be worrying about what toy there going to play with but instead there worrying about if there ever coming home again.THANK YOU DCS FOR ALL YOU'VE DONE. ( And if anyone at all has any ideals or knows who can help. Please contact (765)960~5096.only serious callers

  4. He must be a Rethuglican, for if from the other side of the aisle such acts would be merely personal and thus not something that attaches to his professional life. AND ... gotta love this ... oh, and on top of talking dirty on the phone, he also, as an aside, guess we should mention, might be important, not sure, but .... "In addition to these allegations, Keaton was accused of failing to file an appeal after he collected advance payment from a client seeking to challenge a ruling that the client repay benefits because of unreported income." rimshot

  5. I am not a fan of some of the 8.4 discipline we have seen for private conduct-- but this was so egregious and abusive and had so many points of bad conduct relates to the law and the lawyer's status as a lawyer that it is clearly a proper and just disbarment. A truly despicable account of bad acts showing unfit character to practice law. I applaud the outcome.

ADVERTISEMENT