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Charge dismissed in error negates felony DUI enhancement

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The state’s errant dismissal of a misdemeanor drunken-driving charge in 2009 may not be corrected in order to enhance to a felony a defendant’s second such charge within five years, a divided panel of the Indiana Court of Appeals ruled.

The majority reversed a ruling by Grant Superior Judge Warren Haas in which he denied a motion to dismiss a Class D felony charge of operating while intoxicated because the state had filed a nunc pro tunc entry reinstating the 2009 conviction.

Richard Dillon pleaded guilty to misdemeanor operating while intoxicated and marijuana possession charges in 2009. The state later moved to dismiss “Count 1,” mistakenly referring to the drunken-driving charge, when it meant to dismiss the marijuana charge.

In Richard Dillon v. State of Indiana, 27A05-1210-CR-542, Judges Nancy Vaidik and Ezra Friedlander ruled on interlocutory appeal that the state could not correct the mistake by filing the motion correcting its error after Dillon had been arrested a second time on a drunken-driving charge.

“This means that when Dillon allegedly committed the OWI in this case, he did not have a prior conviction within five years because the nunc pro tunc entry had not yet been made," Vaidik wrote in reversing the trial court. “Had the State moved to reinstate Dillon’s inadvertently dismissed OWI … before he allegedly committed the OWI in this case, then the OWI in this case would be subject to the Class D felony enhancement pursuant to Indiana Code section 9-30-5-3. But that is not what happened.”

Judge John Baker dissented, writing that the trial court could not have dismissed “Count 1,” because it was the charge upon which a judgment of conviction already had been entered. “Moreover, even assuming the trial court’s order dismissing Count 1 was not void, we cannot permit criminal defendants to reap the benefits of simple scriveners’ errors,” Baker wrote.





 

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  1. "Am I bugging you? I don't mean to bug ya." If what I wrote below is too much social philosophy for Indiana attorneys, just take ten this vacay to watch The Lego Movie with kiddies and sing along where appropriate: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=etzMjoH0rJw

  2. I've got some free speech to share here about who is at work via the cat's paw of the ACLU stamping out Christian observances.... 2 Thessalonians chap 2: "And we also thank God continually because, when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as a human word, but as it actually is, the word of God, which is indeed at work in you who believe. For you, brothers and sisters, became imitators of God’s churches in Judea, which are in Christ Jesus: You suffered from your own people the same things those churches suffered from the Jews who killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets and also drove us out. They displease God and are hostile to everyone in their effort to keep us from speaking to the Gentiles so that they may be saved. In this way they always heap up their sins to the limit. The wrath of God has come upon them at last."

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