ILNews

COA adjusts sentence for child molestation

Jennifer Nelson
January 1, 2008
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The Indiana Court of Appeals affirmed a defendant's convictions of child molestation and child exploitation, but it adjusted his sentence after finding a mathematical error by the trial court.

In Roy Bennett v. State of Indiana, No. 79A05-0705-CR-240, Bennett appealed his convictions and sentence for two counts of Class D felony child exploitation and three counts of Class C felony child molestation. Bennett's adopted daughter accused him of sexually molesting her and police searched Bennett's home, finding several computer discs containing pornographic movies. His daughter later recanted her story but then renewed her allegations. A week before his trial was to begin, Bennett fled to Mississippi and assumed a new identity. He was later found and returned to Indiana for trial.

On appeal, Bennett argued the trial court erred by allowing evidence of his failure to appear for trial, the investigation to locate him, and the discovery of his residing in Mississippi under an assumed identity. He cited Dill v. State, 741 N.E.2d 1230 (Ind. 2001) to support his argument that evidence should be excluded because he didn't flee immediately from the scene of the crime or to avoid immediate apprehension.

Bennett is wrong in his understanding of Dill, and the Indiana Supreme Court held in the decision that flight and its related conduct may be considered by a jury in determining a defendant's guilt, wrote Senior Judge George Hoffman.

Eric Johnson of the Mississippi Bureau of Investigation was allowed to testify during trial about Bennett's activities in Mississippi. Despite Bennett's argument the evidence of his flight and assumed identity isn't allowed under Indiana Evidence Rule 404(b), it is admissible because it provides evidence of the charged offenses. Evidence simply to show a person commits crimes, but not the specific crimes for which the defendant is on trial, is to be excluded under 404(b).

Bennett also argued his three convictions of felony child molestation violated the double jeopardy provisions of the Indiana Constitution. He claimed evidence used to support one count of child molestation was used by the jury to convict him of another count. His daughter testified about a specific molestation incident that occurred in the evening of April 2, 2003, which was charged as Count XX; Count V alleged that he committed fondling or touching against his daughter sometime between 1998 and 2003, on which he the jury convicted him. The time frame of Count XX falls within the same time frame of Count V, so Bennett failed to prove the jury used the same evidentiary facts to establish the essential elements of more than one offense, wrote Senior Judge Hoffman.

The appellate court affirmed Bennett's sentence wasn't inappropriate and adjusted it, finding the trial court incorrectly tallied Bennett's aggregate sentence. The trial court sentenced him to a term of two years for each child exploitation conviction, a term of seven years for two of the child molestation convictions, and a term of six years for the third child molestation conviction; the trial court ordered he serve 20 years executed with five years suspended to probation, but his sentence should be 20 years executed with four years suspended to probation, wrote Senior Judge Hoffman.
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  1. The child support award is many times what the custodial parent earns, and exceeds the actual costs of providing for the children's needs. My fiance and I have agreed that if we divorce, that the children will be provided for using a shared checking account like this one(http://www.mediate.com/articles/if_they_can_do_parenting_plans.cfm) to avoid the hidden alimony in Indiana's child support guidelines.

  2. Fiat justitia ruat caelum is a Latin legal phrase, meaning "Let justice be done though the heavens fall." The maxim signifies the belief that justice must be realized regardless of consequences.

  3. Indiana up holds this behavior. the state police know they got it made.

  4. Additional Points: -Civility in the profession: Treating others with respect will not only move others to respect you, it will show a shared respect for the legal system we are all sworn to protect. When attorneys engage in unnecessary personal attacks, they lose the respect and favor of judges, jurors, the person being attacked, and others witnessing or reading the communication. It's not always easy to put anger aside, but if you don't, you will lose respect, credibility, cases, clients & jobs or job opportunities. -Read Rule 22 of the Admission & Discipline Rules. Capture that spirit and apply those principles in your daily work. -Strive to represent clients in a manner that communicates the importance you place on the legal matter you're privileged to handle for them. -There are good lawyers of all ages, but no one is perfect. Older lawyers can learn valuable skills from younger lawyers who tend to be more adept with new technologies that can improve work quality and speed. Older lawyers have already tackled more legal issues and worked through more of the problems encountered when representing clients on various types of legal matters. If there's mutual respect and a willingness to learn from each other, it will help make both attorneys better lawyers. -Erosion of the public trust in lawyers wears down public confidence in the rule of law. Always keep your duty to the profession in mind. -You can learn so much by asking questions & actively listening to instructions and advice from more experienced attorneys, regardless of how many years or decades you've each practiced law. Don't miss out on that chance.

  5. Agreed on 4th Amendment call - that was just bad policing that resulted in dismissal for repeat offender. What kind of parent names their boy "Kriston"?

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