COA: Man has exhausted compensation benefits

Back to TopCommentsE-mailPrintBookmark and Share

An Indiana statute is ambiguous as to whether a person who has exhausted his actual worker’s compensation benefits prior to 500 weeks is eligible to receive benefits from the Second Injury Fund starting on the date of the exhaustion of the actual benefits, the Indiana Court of Appeals concluded today.

The appellate judges ruled that a man who was entitled to receive 500 weeks of benefits, but only received benefits for 264 weeks, should be allowed to collect from the Second Injury Fund once he exhausted his benefits after the 264th week.

R.M. was injured at his workplace when his arms were pulled into a conveyor belt he was cleaning. He is now permanently disabled and entitled to receive worker’s compensation benefits pursuant to Indiana Code Section 22-3-3-10 for 500 weeks from the date of his injuries. He’s also allowed to recover from the Second Injury Fund after he has received the maximum compensation to which he is entitled under the Workers’ Compensation Act. The Full Worker’s Compensation Board originally ruled R.M. wasn’t eligible to receive benefits from the Second Injury Fund, but the Indiana Supreme Court reversed in 2008.

But R.M. only collected for 264 weeks because his employer and employer’s worker’s compensation insurance provider went out of business. Because of this, he argued he should be eligible for money from the Second Injury Fund beginning with the 265th week after the date of his workplace injury. The Full Worker’s Compensation Board determined he would be eligible beginning with the 501st week after the date of his injury.

Judge Cale Bradford wrote in R.M. v. Second Injury Fund, No. 93A02-1007-EX-792, that the judges believe the statute is ambiguous as to this issue. I.C. Section 22-3-3-13(h) provides that a person is eligible for benefits from the Second Injury Fund after exhausting benefits available to him or her under I.C. Section 22-3-3-10. Under -10, R.M. was entitled to receive worker’s compensation benefits for 500 weeks, but because his employer and employer’s worker’s compensation insurance provider went out of business before he met the 500-week threshold, the judges concluded he effectively received the maximum benefits possible and exhausted his right to receive worker’s comp.

“Having concluded that R.M. has effectively exhausted his right to receive worker’s compensation benefits, we believe that the legislature intended that an individual under these specific circumstances shall be considered to have exhausted their right to worker’s compensation benefits, thus making them eligible to recover additional benefits from the Second Injury Fund,” wrote Judge Bradford in reversing the full board. “Any other interpretation would result in the unjust and absurd result of R.M. being left without the assistance of the additional benefits to which he is entitled for a period of 236 weeks.”


Post a comment to this story

We reserve the right to remove any post that we feel is obscene, profane, vulgar, racist, sexually explicit, abusive, or hateful.
You are legally responsible for what you post and your anonymity is not guaranteed.
Posts that insult, defame, threaten, harass or abuse other readers or people mentioned in Indiana Lawyer editorial content are also subject to removal. Please respect the privacy of individuals and refrain from posting personal information.
No solicitations, spamming or advertisements are allowed. Readers may post links to other informational websites that are relevant to the topic at hand, but please do not link to objectionable material.
We may remove messages that are unrelated to the topic, encourage illegal activity, use all capital letters or are unreadable.

Messages that are flagged by readers as objectionable will be reviewed and may or may not be removed. Please do not flag a post simply because you disagree with it.

Sponsored by
Subscribe to Indiana Lawyer
  1. This is ridiculous. Most JDs not practicing law don't know squat to justify calling themselves a lawyer. Maybe they should try visiting the inside of a courtroom before they go around calling themselves lawyers. This kind of promotional BS just increases the volume of people with JDs that are underqualified thereby dragging all the rest of us down likewise.

  2. I think it is safe to say that those Hoosier's with the most confidence in the Indiana judicial system are those Hoosier's who have never had the displeasure of dealing with the Hoosier court system.

  3. I have an open CHINS case I failed a urine screen I have since got clean completed IOP classes now in after care passed home inspection my x sister in law has my children I still don't even have unsupervised when I have been clean for over 4 months my x sister wants to keep the lids for good n has my case working with her I just discovered n have proof that at one of my hearing dcs case worker stated in court to the judge that a screen was dirty which caused me not to have unsupervised this was at the beginning two weeks after my initial screen I thought the weed could have still been in my system was upset because they were suppose to check levels n see if it was going down since this was only a few weeks after initial instead they said dirty I recently requested all of my screens from redwood because I take prescriptions that will show up n I was having my doctor look at levels to verify that matched what I was prescripted because dcs case worker accused me of abuseing when I got my screens I found out that screen I took that dcs case worker stated in court to judge that caused me to not get granted unsupervised was actually negative what can I do about this this is a serious issue saying a parent failed a screen in court to judge when they didn't please advise

  4. I have a degree at law, recent MS in regulatory studies. Licensed in KS, admitted b4 S& 7th circuit, but not to Indiana bar due to political correctness. Blacklisted, nearly unemployable due to hostile state action. Big Idea: Headwinds can overcome, esp for those not within the contours of the bell curve, the Lego Movie happiness set forth above. That said, even without the blacklisting for holding ideas unacceptable to the Glorious State, I think the idea presented above that a law degree open many vistas other than being a galley slave to elitist lawyers is pretty much laughable. (Did the law professors of Indiana pay for this to be published?)

  5. Joe, you might want to do some reading on the fate of Hoosier whistleblowers before you get your expectations raised up.