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COA: No credit for pretrial home detention

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The Indiana Court of Appeals affirmed a trial court's decision not to award a man credit time for pretrial home detention, finding the man's rights weren't violated under the federal or Indiana constitutions.

Marques Lewis was arrested for criminal trespass and criminal gang activity and incarcerated. He later was released on his own recognizance to go on home detention. Lewis pleaded guilty to the charge of criminal trespass and pursuant to the plea agreement, his sentence couldn't be more than 730 days.

Lewis wanted credit for the actual days he served on home detention, claiming there was little difference between pre-trial home detainees and post-conviction home detainees. He based his argument on a response from Community Corrections regarding his inquiry about the difference between the two, which said the only differences between the two could be any additional conditions the court may order, such as additional testing. The trial court denied giving him credit for the 275 days he was on home detention.

In Marques Lewis v. State of Indiana, No. 49A05-0806-CR-319, the Court of Appeals examined the trial court's decision for an abuse of discretion because there isn't a statute mandating an award of credit time served while on pretrial home detention, wrote Judge Carr Darden.

The appellate court rejected Lewis' argument that treating people on pretrial home detention and post-sentence home detention differently violates the Equal Protection Clause. Lewis hadn't been convicted of a crime yet and when he was placed in home detention, he accepted the conditions he now asserts to be the same as those applying to post-sentence home detainees. Judge Darden noted Lewis would have earned more credit time had he remained in jail.

"Moreover, if Lewis had violated the conditions of his pretrial home detention, he would have risked being returned to jail to await trial while still presumed to be innocent; whereas, a post-sentence home detainee who violates conditions of home detention risks being sent to prison," he wrote.

Lewis' argument that the different treatment of people on pretrial home detention and post-sentence home detention violates Indiana's Equal Privileges and Immunities Clause also failed. Citing Senn v. State, 766 N.E.2d 1190 (Ind. Ct. App. 2002), the appellate court ruled home detention as a condition of pretrial release isn't "upon the same terms" as home detention as a condition of a sentence or probation.

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  1. Compromising precious constitutional rights in order to protect them? Rather like the military intelligence slogan that the town had to be destroyed in order to save it. Looks like Joseph, Mary and Baby Jesus will have quite the eventful Boxing Day this year. Wise men will arrive to find no one to accept their gifts? Oh well, wisdom not all that desired this xmas anyway. Maybe the ACLU and Christian attorneys can work out a "three days every third year" visitation compromise and all of this messy litigation stuff can just be boxed up as well? It is an art form, now isn't it? Thomas More, a man of manifold compromises is undoubtedly cheering on wildly.

  2. From the MCBA: “This situation is not just about the death of Michael Brown, but the thousands of other African-Americans who are disproportionately targeted and killed by police officers.” The association said it was “saddened and disappointed” by the decision not to indict Ferguson police officer. HOPING that the MCBA will denouce the execution style killig of two NYC police officers this day, seemingly the act of one who likewise believes that the police are targeting blacks for murder and getting away with it. http://www.mediaite.com/online/two-nypd-cops-fatally-shot-in-ambush-in-brooklyn/ Pray this violence soon ends, and pray it stays far away from Indiana.

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  4. I've got some free speech to share here about who is at work via the cat's paw of the ACLU stamping out Christian observances.... 2 Thessalonians chap 2: "And we also thank God continually because, when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as a human word, but as it actually is, the word of God, which is indeed at work in you who believe. For you, brothers and sisters, became imitators of God’s churches in Judea, which are in Christ Jesus: You suffered from your own people the same things those churches suffered from the Jews who killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets and also drove us out. They displease God and are hostile to everyone in their effort to keep us from speaking to the Gentiles so that they may be saved. In this way they always heap up their sins to the limit. The wrath of God has come upon them at last."

  5. Did someone not tell people who have access to the Chevy Volts that it has a gas engine and will run just like a normal car? The batteries give the Volt approximately a 40 mile range, but after that the gas engine will propel the vehicle either directly through the transmission like any other car, or gas engine recharges the batteries depending on the conditions.

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