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COA rules on right of first refusal issue

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The Indiana Court of Appeals concluded that the right of first refusal set forth in a purchase agreement of land between neighbors could only be exercised between the two neighbors and didn’t apply to the sale of land by an estate.

Richard and Elizabeth Ryan purchased a piece of land from Russell and Mary Keen in 1972. According to a purchase agreement, the Ryans had right of first refusal if the Keens ever elected to sell their property adjacent to the Ryans’ land. After Russell and Mary died, the estate sold the property to another couple without providing the Ryans a chance to exercise the right.

The Ryans sued and, in turn, the estate of Mary Keen sued Agri-Town and Lawyers Title Insurance Corp., alleging those companies were contracted to perform a title search and issue/guarantee title insurance upon which the estate relied to convey clear title to the property. The search didn’t reveal any right of interest as alleged by the Ryans.

The trial court granted summary judgment for Agri-Town and Lawyers Title, finding the right of first refusal ended at the death of the last surviving seller, Mary, and was now unenforceable.  In Richard and Elizabeth Ryan v. Lawyers Title Insurance Corp. and Elaine E. English d/b/a Agri-Town Agency, No. 56A03-1101-PL-75, the Court of Appeals affirmed after examining the terms and language of the right of first refusal as set forth in the purchase agreement.

“We are not persuaded that the designated materials and the terms of the Purchase Agreement demonstrate clear evidence of the intent of the parties to the Purchase Agreement that the right of first refusal at issue here was to continue beyond the lifetimes of the Keens as the grantors of the right,” wrote Judge Elaine Brown. “If the parties to the Purchase Agreement had intended to bind each others’ heirs or personal representatives in connection with the rights of first refusal, they could easily have so provided.”

Judge John Baker concurred in a separate opinion.

 

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  1. Just an aside, but regardless of the outcome, I 'm proud of Judge William Hughes. He was the original magistrate on the Home place issue. He ruled for Home Place, and was primaried by Brainard for it. Their tool Poindexter failed to unseat Hughes, who won support for his honesty and courage throughout the county, and he was reelected Judge of Hamilton County's Superior Court. You can still stand for something and survive. Thanks, Judge Hughes!

  2. CCHP's real accomplishment is the 2015 law signed by Gov Pence that basically outlaws any annexation that is forced where a 65% majority of landowners in the affected area disagree. Regardless of whether HP wins or loses, the citizens of Indiana will not have another fiasco like this. The law Gov Pence signed is a direct result of this malgovernance.

  3. I gave tempparry guardship to a friend of my granddaughter in 2012. I went to prison. I had custody. My daughter went to prison to. We are out. My daughter gave me custody but can get her back. She was not order to give me custody . but now we want granddaughter back from friend. She's 14 now. What rights do we have

  4. This sure is not what most who value good governance consider the Rule of Law to entail: "In a letter dated March 2, which Brizzi forwarded to IBJ, the commission dismissed the grievance “on grounds that there is not reasonable cause to believe that you are guilty of misconduct.”" Yet two month later reasonable cause does exist? (Or is the commission forging ahead, the need for reasonable belief be damned? -- A seeming violation of the Rules of Profession Ethics on the part of the commission) Could the rule of law theory cause one to believe that an explanation is in order? Could it be that Hoosier attorneys live under Imperial Law (which is also a t-word that rhymes with infamy) in which the Platonic guardians can do no wrong and never owe the plebeian class any explanation for their powerful actions. (Might makes it right?) Could this be a case of politics directing the commission, as celebrated IU Mauer Professor (the late) Patrick Baude warned was happening 20 years ago in his controversial (whisteblowing) ethics lecture on a quite similar topic: http://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1498&context=ilj

  5. I have a case presently pending cert review before the SCOTUS that reveals just how Indiana regulates the bar. I have been denied licensure for life for holding the wrong views and questioning the grand inquisitors as to their duties as to state and federal constitutional due process. True story: https://www.scribd.com/doc/299040839/2016Petitionforcert-to-SCOTUS Shorter, Amici brief serving to frame issue as misuse of govt licensure: https://www.scribd.com/doc/312841269/Thomas-More-Society-Amicus-Brown-v-Ind-Bd-of-Law-Examiners

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