Divided 7th Circuit affirms 'career offender' conviction

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The 7th Circuit Court of Appeals has affirmed a District Court’s 100-month sentence for a man deemed to be a “career offender.” But the decision was not unanimous.

In United States of America v. Anthony Raupp, No. 11-2215, Anthony Raupp appealed the District Court’s determination that he was a “career offender” after he pleaded guilty to possessing a firearm, despite his status as a felon.

The 7th Circuit majority held that the single question for review was whether Raupp’s prior conviction of conspiracy to commit robbery could be considered a “crime of violence” under U.S. Sentencing Guidelines.

The majority wrote that an application note accompanying USSG Section 4B1.2 defines an inchoate offense such as conspiracy as a “crime of violence” when the underlying crime is one. “That disposes of this appeal, as far as the Sentencing Commission is concerned,” the 7th Circuit majority wrote.

But in her dissent, Judge Diane Wood wrote that the majority opinion is inconsistent with a long line of cases holding that the text of USSG Section 4B1.2 and the nearly identical language in the Armed Career Criminal Act have the same meaning. In Raupp, Wood wrote that her colleagues concluded that the sentencing guidelines have adopted a significantly broader definition of “crime of violence” than the ACCA.

The majority wrote that Raupp’s “sole contention is that district judges must ignore the first application note to Section 4B1.2, and that contention does not carry the day.”

Application notes in the sentencing guidelines should be treated as an agency’s interpretation of its own legislative rule, Wood wrote. She wrote that she would vacate and remand for resentencing.



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  1. I have a degree at law, recent MS in regulatory studies. Licensed in KS, admitted b4 S& 7th circuit, but not to Indiana bar due to political correctness. Blacklisted, nearly unemployable due to hostile state action. Big Idea: Headwinds can overcome, esp for those not within the contours of the bell curve, the Lego Movie happiness set forth above. That said, even without the blacklisting for holding ideas unacceptable to the Glorious State, I think the idea presented above that a law degree open many vistas other than being a galley slave to elitist lawyers is pretty much laughable. (Did the law professors of Indiana pay for this to be published?)

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  4. I had a hospital and dcs caseworker falsify reports that my child was born with drugs in her system. I filed a complaint with the Indiana department of health....and they found that the hospital falsified drug screens in their investigation. Then I filed a complaint with human health services in Washington DC...dcs drug Testing is unregulated and is indicating false positives...they are currently being investigated by human health services. Then I located an attorney and signed contracts one month ago to sue dcs and Anderson community hospital. Once the suit is filed I am taking out a loan against the suit and paying a law firm to file a writ of mandamus challenging the courts jurisdiction to invoke chins case against me. I also forwarded evidence to a u.s. senator who contacted hhs to push an investigation faster. Once the lawsuit is filed local news stations will be running coverage on the situation. Easy day....people will be losing their jobs soon...and judge pancol...who has attempted to cover up what has happened will also be in trouble. The drug testing is a kids for cash and federal funding situation.

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