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Hebenstreit: Making a Difference in a Child's Life

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IBA-hebenstreitTake a minute to engage in a little imagining. Pretend that you are a 7th grade boy. You have never spent an entire school year at only one school having been moved around constantly by your parents. Your Father is in prison for child molestation and your Mother has just taken off leaving you with a friend. Then you discover that your Mother has also filed for divorce. What is going to happen to you? With whom will you live? How will you live? Well, sadly, this is not unreal. It was a real case handled by a volunteer for Kid’s Voice of Indiana who had been appointed by the Court as a Guardian ad Litem for the young man. That volunteer Guardian ad Litem (GAL) was able to locate a family friend and persuaded the Court to place the youngster with that friend who was not only able, but interested, in raising him. A happy, but unusual ending.

Recently, I attended an IndyBar sponsored seminar conducted by Judge Pat McCarty and several Magistrates and Commissioners of the Marion Superior Court. It was a breakfast roundtable focused on family law matters. Several questions during that seminar dealt with Guardians ad Litem. The judicial officers were unanimous in their praise of the work the GAL’s do and the significant benefit these volunteers provide to the Court. Having previously been appointed to serve as a Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA) I fully understood their message and hoped perhaps I could use this column to both explain the significant role CASA volunteers play and encourage some of you to volunteer.

First of all, a GAL is only involved in the family law case as an advocate for the child or children. Family law cases are frequently quite contentious and often the parents become more interested in self centered victories than what is truly best for the family. That is only normal, but it is not uncommon that the children are the ones who are the big losers in such contests. The role of the GAL is to stand up for the child and provide information to the Court about what is in the best interests of the child. The GAL accomplishes that task by meeting with the children, the parents, teachers, family and relatives and any other significant adults in the lives of the child. Frequently, what is best for the child is not what the parents believe is the best. But in a Party A v. Party B world, it is the parents who have attorneys advocating for them, leaving the child without a voice in the significant proceedings.

Without being overly simplistic, there are essentially three ways to be appointed a GAL in Marion County. The first is for a judicial officer to ask you and then issue an order appointing you to the position. The second is to agree to be a volunteer with either Child Advocates or Kid’s Voice. Both operate effectively in Marion County and each serves a slightly different type of legal matter. According to attorney Derelle Watson-Duvall, Kid’s Voice uses volunteers in primarily custody cases. The judicial officers serve as the gatekeepers who determine if Kid’s Voice should be appointed in a given case. An appropriate volunteer is then assigned to the case who serves as the fact finder. Staff from Kid’s Voice assists the volunteer with the project and represents the GAL in Court. Typically, the GAL prepares a written report for the Court, but frequently is called as a witness to actually testify at hearings. Unfortunately, Kid’s Voice can only handle about 115 cases at any given time. They have about 125 volunteers, of which 89 are attorneys, who collectively handled 363 cases in 2010. In addition to attorneys, they also use the services of law students, paralegals, law firm staff, and community volunteers to serve as the GAL’s. The need far exceeds the capacity.

The other major provider is Child Advocates, Inc. They are the largest CASA program in the state, and under the leadership of attorney Cindy Booth, Child Advocates has two primary areas of service. They use in house social workers and attorneys to serve as CASA’s in custody cases. They also serve as CASA’s in all CHINS cases in Marion County. This is where they have a huge need for volunteers. CHINS is an acronym for Children in Need of Services and most CHINS cases are handled by the Marion Juvenile Court. Essentially, the State asserts that the affected children are not being properly care for by their parents, and the State requests different levels of care up to and including the termination of parental right of the child’s parents. Volunteers are assigned a staffer who will assist and guide the GAL along the way. Ms. Booth stated that their goal is to have 250 volunteers in 2012.

According to Leslie Dunn, the attorney with the Indiana Supreme Court who monitors GAL services statewide, the work of a GAL is less legal and more family relationship work. It involves working with the family helping to solve complex family problems and entails a good bit of social work. A good GAL will spend time with typically dysfunctional parents as well as the children. The assignment is not about winning and losing. Rather, the initial part of the task is fact-finding followed by problem solving.

In an interview with Judge David Shaheed of the Marion Superior Court, it was quite clear that the largest unmet need for pro bono legal service in Marion County is in the area of family law. But, is it realistic to expect a real estate development attorney to self educate himself to be able to accept a family law case? Possibly not, but attorneys of any area of practice are qualified to serve as a GAL. In fact, paralegals and staff are also welcomed by the agencies. Both agencies host extensive training programs for their volunteers. The Child Advocates training is a 30 hour program and is offered about 10 times per year. They will agree to hold it at a law firm if that is requested by the firm. Kid’s Voice offers a 6 hour training with their next one beginning on February 20, 2012. They have applied for CLE credit and all new volunteers in both agencies are urged to take the training. No knowledge of family law is needed to qualify.

As we head into the holidays and the New Year, consider making it a New Year’s Resolution for 2012. According to Cindy Booth, there is always a need for committed people who are interested in making a difference. This sentiment was echoed by Ms. Dunn who stated that it is a unique opportunity for an attorney to make an impact. It provides a chance for new lawyers to gain experience and provide a worthwhile service at the same time. Both agencies would welcome your contact. You may call Derelle Watson-Duvall of Kid’s Voice at 558-2870 extension 323 or email Child Advocates at childadvocates.net. Start up the New Year committed to making a difference.•

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  1. I have been on this program while on parole from 2011-2013. No person should be forced mentally to share private details of their personal life with total strangers. Also giving permission for a mental therapist to report to your parole agent that your not participating in group therapy because you don't have the financial mean to be in the group therapy. I was personally singled out and sent back three times for not having money and also sent back within the six month when you aren't to be sent according to state law. I will work to het this INSOMM's removed from this state. I also had twelve or thirteen parole agents with a fifteen month period. Thanks for your time.

  2. Our nation produces very few jurists of the caliber of Justice DOUGLAS and his peers these days. Here is that great civil libertarian, who recognized government as both a blessing and, when corrupted by ideological interests, a curse: "Once the investigator has only the conscience of government as a guide, the conscience can become ‘ravenous,’ as Cromwell, bent on destroying Thomas More, said in Bolt, A Man For All Seasons (1960), p. 120. The First Amendment mirrors many episodes where men, harried and harassed by government, sought refuge in their conscience, as these lines of Thomas More show: ‘MORE: And when we stand before God, and you are sent to Paradise for doing according to your conscience, *575 and I am damned for not doing according to mine, will you come with me, for fellowship? ‘CRANMER: So those of us whose names are there are damned, Sir Thomas? ‘MORE: I don't know, Your Grace. I have no window to look into another man's conscience. I condemn no one. ‘CRANMER: Then the matter is capable of question? ‘MORE: Certainly. ‘CRANMER: But that you owe obedience to your King is not capable of question. So weigh a doubt against a certainty—and sign. ‘MORE: Some men think the Earth is round, others think it flat; it is a matter capable of question. But if it is flat, will the King's command make it round? And if it is round, will the King's command flatten it? No, I will not sign.’ Id., pp. 132—133. DOUGLAS THEN WROTE: Where government is the Big Brother,11 privacy gives way to surveillance. **909 But our commitment is otherwise. *576 By the First Amendment we have staked our security on freedom to promote a multiplicity of ideas, to associate at will with kindred spirits, and to defy governmental intrusion into these precincts" Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Comm., 372 U.S. 539, 574-76, 83 S. Ct. 889, 908-09, 9 L. Ed. 2d 929 (1963) Mr. Justice DOUGLAS, concurring. I write: Happy Memorial Day to all -- God please bless our fallen who lived and died to preserve constitutional governance in our wonderful series of Republics. And God open the eyes of those government officials who denounce the constitutions of these Republics by arbitrary actions arising out capricious motives.

  3. From back in the day before secularism got a stranglehold on Hoosier jurists comes this great excerpt via Indiana federal court judge Allan Sharp, dedicated to those many Indiana government attorneys (with whom I have dealt) who count the law as a mere tool, an optional tool that is not to be used when political correctness compels a more acceptable result than merely following the path that the law directs: ALLEN SHARP, District Judge. I. In a scene following a visit by Henry VIII to the home of Sir Thomas More, playwriter Robert Bolt puts the following words into the mouths of his characters: Margaret: Father, that man's bad. MORE: There is no law against that. ROPER: There is! God's law! MORE: Then God can arrest him. ROPER: Sophistication upon sophistication! MORE: No, sheer simplicity. The law, Roper, the law. I know what's legal not what's right. And I'll stick to what's legal. ROPER: Then you set man's law above God's! MORE: No, far below; but let me draw your attention to a fact I'm not God. The currents and eddies of right and wrong, which you find such plain sailing, I can't navigate. I'm no voyager. But in the thickets of law, oh, there I'm a forester. I doubt if there's a man alive who could follow me there, thank God... ALICE: (Exasperated, pointing after Rich) While you talk, he's gone! MORE: And go he should, if he was the Devil himself, until he broke the law! ROPER: So now you'd give the Devil benefit of law! MORE: Yes. What would you do? Cut a great road through the law to get after the Devil? ROPER: I'd cut down every law in England to do that! MORE: (Roused and excited) Oh? (Advances on Roper) And when the last law was down, and the Devil turned round on you where would you hide, Roper, the laws being flat? (He leaves *1257 him) This country's planted thick with laws from coast to coast man's laws, not God's and if you cut them down and you're just the man to do it d'you really think you would stand upright in the winds that would blow then? (Quietly) Yes, I'd give the Devil benefit of law, for my own safety's sake. ROPER: I have long suspected this; this is the golden calf; the law's your god. MORE: (Wearily) Oh, Roper, you're a fool, God's my god... (Rather bitterly) But I find him rather too (Very bitterly) subtle... I don't know where he is nor what he wants. ROPER: My God wants service, to the end and unremitting; nothing else! MORE: (Dryly) Are you sure that's God! He sounds like Moloch. But indeed it may be God And whoever hunts for me, Roper, God or Devil, will find me hiding in the thickets of the law! And I'll hide my daughter with me! Not hoist her up the mainmast of your seagoing principles! They put about too nimbly! (Exit More. They all look after him). Pgs. 65-67, A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS A Play in Two Acts, Robert Bolt, Random House, New York, 1960. Linley E. Pearson, Atty. Gen. of Indiana, Indianapolis, for defendants. Childs v. Duckworth, 509 F. Supp. 1254, 1256 (N.D. Ind. 1981) aff'd, 705 F.2d 915 (7th Cir. 1983)

  4. "Meanwhile small- and mid-size firms are getting squeezed and likely will not survive unless they become a boutique firm." I've been a business attorney in small, and now mid-size firm for over 30 years, and for over 30 years legal consultants have been preaching this exact same mantra of impending doom for small and mid-sized firms -- verbatim. This claim apparently helps them gin up merger opportunities from smaller firms who become convinced that they need to become larger overnight. The claim that large corporations are interested in cost-saving and efficiency has likewise been preached for decades, and is likewise bunk. If large corporations had any real interest in saving money they wouldn't use large law firms whose rates are substantially higher than those of high-quality mid-sized firms.

  5. The family is the foundation of all human government. That is the Grand Design. Modern governments throw off this Design and make bureaucratic war against the family, as does Hollywood and cultural elitists such as third wave feminists. Since WWII we have been on a ship of fools that way, with both the elite and government and their social engineering hacks relentlessly attacking the very foundation of social order. And their success? See it in the streets of Fergusson, on the food stamp doles (mostly broken families)and in the above article. Reject the Grand Design for true social function, enter the Glorious State to manage social dysfunction. Our Brave New World will be a prison camp, and we will welcome it as the only way to manage given the anarchy without it.

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