Judges: Grant bank’s request for receiver

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Because PNC Bank was able to show that the requisite provisions of Indiana Code 32-30-5-1 have been satisfied and it did not relinquish its right to the appointment of a receiver, the trial court order denying PNC’s request for appointment of a receiver was an error, the Indiana Court of Appeals concluded.

In June 2004, the bank and LA Development entered into a loan agreement, with obligations due to the bank secured by two mortgages. In the fall of 2008, LA Development needed more money to complete a housing development; INTA LLC agreed to advance $705,000 to LA Development. A three-party closing occurred between LA Development, INTA and PNC Bank, which included a subordination agreement that made all liens, mortgages, encumbrances, security interests and assignments of every kind granted to the bank subordinated and made secondary to those of INTA.

Two years later, PNC filed a complaint for damages to foreclose on the mortgages and for appointment of receiver against LA Development, INTA, and two individuals who guaranteed the loans. At issue on interlocutory appeal is the denial by the trial court to appoint a receiver.

PNC argued that it satisfied the requirements of I.C. 32-30-5-1(4)(B) and (C), which required the trial court to appoint a receiver. INTA maintained that the bank relinquished its right to the mandatory appointment of a receiver in the subordination agreement.

The Court of Appeals found the subordination agreement is ambiguous, so the judges looked to the parties’ intent when construing the agreement and the other closing documents. The argument that the bank subordinated all of its default rights and remedies in the mortgages by signing the subordination agreement, as INTA argued, can’t be reconciled with the language in the forbearance agreement signed on the same date and at the same closing, wrote Senior Judge Carr Darden.

Also, the extrinsic evidence shows that the parties didn’t intend to subordinate all rights and remedies. The bank foreclosed on the housing development, which INTA concedes is authorized.

“If the Bank waived all of its enforcement rights and remedies under the mortgages by executing the Subordination Agreement, then the right to foreclose on Harrison Crossing would be included. Either the Bank subordinated all of its enforcement rights and remedies in the mortgages or it did not. INTA cannot pick and choose which rights and remedies the Bank subordinated to support its argument,” Darden wrote.

The judges ordered the trial court grant PNC’s request for the appointment of a receiver.



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  1. We do not have 10% of our population (which would mean about 32 million) incarcerated. It's closer to 2%.

  2. If a class action suit or other manner of retribution is possible, count me in. I have email and voicemail from the man. He colluded with opposing counsel, I am certain. My case was damaged so severely it nearly lost me everything and I am still paying dearly.

  3. There's probably a lot of blame that can be cast around for Indiana Tech's abysmal bar passage rate this last February. The folks who decided that Indiana, a state with roughly 16,000 to 18,000 attorneys, needs a fifth law school need to question the motives that drove their support of this project. Others, who have been "strong supporters" of the law school, should likewise ask themselves why they believe this institution should be supported. Is it because it fills some real need in the state? Or is it, instead, nothing more than a resume builder for those who teach there part-time? And others who make excuses for the students' poor performance, especially those who offer nothing more than conspiracy theories to back up their claims--who are they helping? What evidence do they have to support their posturing? Ultimately, though, like most everything in life, whether one succeeds or fails is entirely within one's own hands. At least one student from Indiana Tech proved this when he/she took and passed the February bar. A second Indiana Tech student proved this when they took the bar in another state and passed. As for the remaining 9 who took the bar and didn't pass (apparently, one of the students successfully appealed his/her original score), it's now up to them (and nobody else) to ensure that they pass on their second attempt. These folks should feel no shame; many currently successful practicing attorneys failed the bar exam on their first try. These same attorneys picked themselves up, dusted themselves off, and got back to the rigorous study needed to ensure they would pass on their second go 'round. This is what the Indiana Tech students who didn't pass the first time need to do. Of course, none of this answers such questions as whether Indiana Tech should be accredited by the ABA, whether the school should keep its doors open, or, most importantly, whether it should have even opened its doors in the first place. Those who promoted the idea of a fifth law school in Indiana need to do a lot of soul-searching regarding their decisions. These same people should never be allowed, again, to have a say about the future of legal education in this state or anywhere else. Indiana already has four law schools. That's probably one more than it really needs. But it's more than enough.

  4. This man Steve Hubbard goes on any online post or forum he can find and tries to push his company. He said court reporters would be obsolete a few years ago, yet here we are. How does he have time to search out every single post about court reporters and even spy in private court reporting forums if his company is so successful???? Dude, get a life. And back to what this post was about, I agree that some national firms cause a huge problem.

  5. rensselaer imdiana is doing same thing to children from the judge to attorney and dfs staff they need to be investigated as well