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Judges: Grant bank’s request for receiver

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Because PNC Bank was able to show that the requisite provisions of Indiana Code 32-30-5-1 have been satisfied and it did not relinquish its right to the appointment of a receiver, the trial court order denying PNC’s request for appointment of a receiver was an error, the Indiana Court of Appeals concluded.

In June 2004, the bank and LA Development entered into a loan agreement, with obligations due to the bank secured by two mortgages. In the fall of 2008, LA Development needed more money to complete a housing development; INTA LLC agreed to advance $705,000 to LA Development. A three-party closing occurred between LA Development, INTA and PNC Bank, which included a subordination agreement that made all liens, mortgages, encumbrances, security interests and assignments of every kind granted to the bank subordinated and made secondary to those of INTA.

Two years later, PNC filed a complaint for damages to foreclose on the mortgages and for appointment of receiver against LA Development, INTA, and two individuals who guaranteed the loans. At issue on interlocutory appeal is the denial by the trial court to appoint a receiver.

PNC argued that it satisfied the requirements of I.C. 32-30-5-1(4)(B) and (C), which required the trial court to appoint a receiver. INTA maintained that the bank relinquished its right to the mandatory appointment of a receiver in the subordination agreement.

The Court of Appeals found the subordination agreement is ambiguous, so the judges looked to the parties’ intent when construing the agreement and the other closing documents. The argument that the bank subordinated all of its default rights and remedies in the mortgages by signing the subordination agreement, as INTA argued, can’t be reconciled with the language in the forbearance agreement signed on the same date and at the same closing, wrote Senior Judge Carr Darden.

Also, the extrinsic evidence shows that the parties didn’t intend to subordinate all rights and remedies. The bank foreclosed on the housing development, which INTA concedes is authorized.

“If the Bank waived all of its enforcement rights and remedies under the mortgages by executing the Subordination Agreement, then the right to foreclose on Harrison Crossing would be included. Either the Bank subordinated all of its enforcement rights and remedies in the mortgages or it did not. INTA cannot pick and choose which rights and remedies the Bank subordinated to support its argument,” Darden wrote.

The judges ordered the trial court grant PNC’s request for the appointment of a receiver.

 

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  1. Frankly, it is tragic that you are even considering going to an expensive, unaccredited "law school." It is extremely difficult to get a job with a degree from a real school. If you are going to make the investment of time, money, and tears into law school, it should not be to a place that won't actually enable you to practice law when you graduate.

  2. As a lawyer who grew up in Fort Wayne (but went to a real law school), it is not that hard to find a mentor in the legal community without your school's assistance. One does not need to pay tens of thousands of dollars to go to an unaccredited legal diploma mill to get a mentor. Having a mentor means precisely nothing if you cannot get a job upon graduation, and considering that the legal job market is utterly terrible, these students from Indiana Tech are going to be adrift after graduation.

  3. 700,000 to 800,000 Americans are arrested for marijuana possession each year in the US. Do we need a new justice center if we decriminalize marijuana by having the City Council enact a $100 fine for marijuana possession and have the money go towards road repair?

  4. I am sorry to hear this.

  5. I tried a case in Judge Barker's court many years ago and I recall it vividly as a highlight of my career. I don't get in federal court very often but found myself back there again last Summer. We had both aged a bit but I must say she was just as I had remembered her. Authoritative, organized and yes, human ...with a good sense of humor. I also appreciated that even though we were dealing with difficult criminal cases, she treated my clients with dignity and understanding. My clients certainly respected her. Thanks for this nice article. Congratulations to Judge Barker for reaching another milestone in a remarkable career.

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