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Massa stays in Rockport power plant case over calls for recusal

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Indiana Supreme Court Justice Mark Massa on Wednesday denied a formal motion arguing that he should recuse himself from a pending case concerning the controversial Rockport power plant. The project is backed by a longtime friend of Massa and former aide to Gov. Mitch Daniels, whose administration championed the project.

Massa signed an order denying the motion from environmental and consumer groups opposed to the planned $2.7 billion coal gasification plant in Rockport. Critics contend that Massa’s longtime professional and personal relationship with project manager Mark Lubbers cast doubt on his impartiality.

Massa, a Daniels appointee to the Supreme Court who previously served as the former governor’s chief counsel, was hired in 1985 by Lubbers as a speechwriter for then-Gov. Robert Orr. Lubbers now is project manager for Rockport developer Indiana Gasification LLC’s parent, hedge fund Leucadia National Corp.

“The moving parties can do the math and know that in the event of my recusal, they would only have to convince two judges to prevail, leaving the Court split and winning the tie,” Massa wrote.

He cited Cheney, Vice President of the United States, et al. v. United States District Court for the District of Columbia, 541 U.S. 913, in which Justice Antonin Scalia declined to recuse himself in a challenge brought by the Sierra Club involving former Vice President Dick Cheney’s shooting of a friend during a duck-hunting trip in which Scalia participated.

“Thus, ‘even one unnecessary recusal impairs the functioning of the court,’” Massa wrote, citing Cheney, “something I will not do in the absence of sufficient cause in a question of large public import. I therefore will participate when this case is heard.”

The Supreme Court will hear Indiana Gas Company , Inc. v. Indiana Finance Authority, 93S02-1306-EX-407, at 9 a.m. Sept. 5.

The Sierra Club was among groups that asked Massa to disqualify himself when Florida attorney Jerome Polk filed the motion Tuesday. Others included Citizens Action Coalition, Spencer County Citizens for Quality of Life and Save the Valley.

Massa’s 27-year relationship with project manager Mark Lubbers “would cause any ordinary objective observer to question whether he can remain impartial,” according to the motion for disqualification.  

But Massa said the argument for recusal would disable the courts. “I have a friend who works for General Motors; must I recuse if GM is a party to a case before our court?” he wrote. “All of us on this Court have many friends who are lawyers, some of whom appear before us, including several to whom I am closer and see more regularly than Mr. Lubbers. If mere friendship with these lawyers were enough to trigger disqualification, my colleagues and I would rarely sit as an intact court of five.”

The motion for recusal argued that “Lubbers has his personal fortune at stake in the outcome of this proceeding,” having been involved in the $2.7 billion project for years and lobbied for it at the Statehouse. Massa, in denying recusal, said that isn’t the case: “(n)either Mr. Lubbers’ freedom nor his fortune are at stake in this lawsuit.”  

Massa also wrote that he “had no involvement in the negotiation of the contract between the Indiana Finance Authority and Indiana Gasification. I was not (Daniels’) counsel when the deal was struck in 2011 and thus had no involvement in it of any kind.”

“The question is whether the contract, negotiated long after my departure from the Governor’s office, comports with Indiana law,” Massa wrote. Two of three Indiana Court of Appeals judges ruled that it does not.

After the Legislature earlier this year passed a bill that left the fate of the plant in the hands of the justices and creating the likelihood of a new round of state regulatory review, Lubbers announced that Indiana Gasification was suspending work on the project.

The recusal motion cites an open letter from Lubbers to the media dated April 30 that said in part, “We will work hard for a win if the Supreme Court takes the case. … If the Supreme Court does not take the case, the project is dead … If the Supreme Court takes the case, we think we have a good chance of winning.”

Polk argued in the brief that Lubbers’ letter “is a clear ‘roadmap’ with his personal imprimatur stamped on it for how the Supreme Court could and should decide the case in order to give the project a chance. It reads like a personal message from Lubbers to Justice Massa which squarely puts the Court ‘on the spot’ to help Justice Massa’s mentor and benefactor.”

Nonetheless, Massa will not recuse.

“As Justice Scalia put it,” Massa wrote, “the decision whether a judge’s impartiality can ‘reasonably be questioned’ is to be made in light of the facts as they existed, and not as they were surmised or reported.”

Following Massa’s denial of the motion, Kerwin Olson, executive director of Citizens Action Coalition, issued the following statement:

“CAC is disappointed that Justice Massa has decided to not recuse himself. Speaking as a non-lawyer, if this particular case is not a text book example of one in which recusal is appropriate and expected, I don’t know what case would be. The public’s confidence in the objectivity of the legislative, regulatory, and judicial oversight of the energy and utilities industry in the State of Indiana is at an all-time low this week with this decision and the dismissal of all charges against David Lott Hardy. The point of these ethics laws and ex-parte rules is to give the public confidence that decisions made are based on sound public policy and proper legal judgment. These laws and rules are nothing more than meaningless words on paper if the spirit of them continues to be ignored by those expected to honor and enforce them.”
 

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  1. Such things are no more elections than those in the late, unlamented Soviet Union.

  2. It appears the police and prosecutors are allowed to change the rules halfway through the game to suit themselves. I am surprised that the congress has not yet eliminated the right to a trial in cases involving any type of forensic evidence. That would suit their foolish law and order police state views. I say we eliminate the statute of limitations for crimes committed by members of congress and other government employees. Of course they would never do that. They are all corrupt cowards!!!

  3. Poor Judge Brown probably thought that by slavishly serving the godz of the age her violations of 18th century concepts like due process and the rule of law would be overlooked. Mayhaps she was merely a Judge ahead of her time?

  4. in a lawyer discipline case Judge Brown, now removed, was presiding over a hearing about a lawyer accused of the supposedly heinous ethical violation of saying the words "Illegal immigrant." (IN re Barker) http://www.in.gov/judiciary/files/order-discipline-2013-55S00-1008-DI-429.pdf .... I wonder if when we compare the egregious violations of due process by Judge Brown, to her chiding of another lawyer for politically incorrectness, if there are any conclusions to be drawn about what kind of person, what kind of judge, what kind of apparatchik, is busy implementing the agenda of political correctness and making off-limits legit advocacy about an adverse party in a suit whose illegal alien status is relevant? I am just asking the question, the reader can make own conclsuion. Oh wait-- did I use the wrong adjective-- let me rephrase that, um undocumented alien?

  5. of course the bigger questions of whether or not the people want to pay for ANY bussing is off limits, due to the Supreme Court protecting the people from DEMOCRACY. Several decades hence from desegregation and bussing plans and we STILL need to be taking all this taxpayer money to combat mostly-imagined "discrimination" in the most obviously failed social program of the postwar period.

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