Opinions March 31, 2014

March 31, 2014
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7th Circuit Court of Appeals
USA v. Randall Causey, 13-1321
Criminal. Affirms Causey’s convictions and 108-month sentence for one count of conspiring to commit wire fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1349 and eight counts of aiding and abetting the commission of, and committing the offenses of, wire fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1343. Ruled that the District Court did not abused its discretion in admitting evidence and that the District Court erred in barring the defense witness from giving expert testimony while allowing the expert testimony by the government witness. Also finds the District Court properly applied two-level sentencing enhancement.   

Indiana Court of Appeals
Debbie Mitchell v. Review Board of the Indiana Department of Workforce Development, and Midwest Mobile Care, Inc.
Agency action. Affirms findings of the Review Board of the Indiana Department of Workforce Development that Mitchell was not entitled to additional unemployment benefits. Mitchell received 26 weeks of unemployment benefits but was denied an extension because she worked four to eight hours a week for another company after losing her full-time job. The Review Board did not err in applying the unambiguous statute defining partial unemployment.

Jeffrey Metzger v. State of Indiana
Criminal. Affirms conviction of indirect contempt of court based on Metzger’s actions in Allen County Jail after a blood draw had been ordered on suspicion of operating while intoxicated. When Metzger approached a deputy with a chair and refused to sit down when ordered, the act was clearly directed against the authority of the court and hindered the execution of the trial court’s warrant. The trial court properly held Metzger in contempt.

Victor W. Goodman and Jacquelyn C. Burke v. Steven L. Serine, Suzanne M. Serine, United States of America Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service, Robert J. DeGrazia, et al.
Civil plenary. Vacates summary judgment in favor of Internal Revenue Service in a dispute over a land contract sale for a property in which income tax liens were attached, and remands to the trial court to dismiss Goodman’s complaint for quiet title. Because the property was part of the SeRines’ bankruptcy estate, proper venue for the dispute is the bankruptcy court, even though the bankruptcy case was dismissed.

Dontae M. Clark v. State of Indiana
Criminal. Affirms conviction of Class D felony possession of marijuana, casting aside arguments of fundamental error and Fourth Amendment challenges to seizure and admittance of evidence that was not analyzed by the State Police lab, apparently because the sample was too small. Evidence to convict was sufficient, Judge Cale Bradford wrote. Judge Paul Mathias, in a concurring opinion, wrote that the panel didn’t need to consider Clark’s argument on admitting evidence because it wasn’t preserved for appeal. Judge Rudy R. Pyle III concurred separately, writing to submit the State Police lab policy concerning a minimum quantity for testing be reconsidered.

Dustin Lee Jarrell v. Billie Jo Jarrell
Domestic. Affirms trial court grant of modification of custody order awarding mother sole physical custody of the couple’s child. The court correctly ruled that father acquiesced to mother’s relocation because he waited two years after mother moved 180 miles away to file a motion for custody modification. There is a sufficient change in circumstances to support the custody modification, and the appeals panel declined to reweigh the evidence regarding best interests of the child.

Derrick R. Woods v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms conviction of failure to return to lawful detention, a Class D felony.

Michael Kimes v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms 30-year sentence, with six years suspended, for conviction of child molesting, as a Class A felony.

Davonta K. Johnson v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms 19-year sentence for convictions of one count of burglary and one count of robbery, both as a Class B felonies.

Trenton Bolden v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms the revocation of Bolden’s probation.

Charles Gooch v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Post conviction. Affirms denial of Gooch’s petition for post-conviction relief.

Lila Marquez v. Rene Kobler (NFP)

Civil tort. Affirms judgment that Marquez was 100 percent at fault for the accident and that there was no issue for the jury to decide with regard to liability.  

Jewel L. and John E. Johnson v. Brooks Striping, Inc., Inland Western Greensburg Commons LLC, and Inland US Management LLC (NFP)
Civil tort. Affirms summary judgment in favor of Brooks Striping, Inc., Inland Western Greensburg Commons, LLC, and Inland US Management LLC.

Jerry D. White v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms denial of White’s petition for post-conviction relief.  

Aadil Ashfaque v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Dismisses appeal of trial court’s denial of Ashfaque’s motion to dismiss charges of dealing in a synthetic drug, as a Class D felony; possession of a synthetic drug, as a Class D felony; operating while intoxicated, as a Class A misdemeanor; and operating without a license, as a Class C misdemeanor.

In re the Marriage of: Tasha Bates v. Damon Bates (NFP)
Domestic relation. Affirms denial of mother’s request for an emergency continuance of the final hearing, denial of mother’s post-trial motion to supplement the record with evidence. Also affirms division of martial estate and order that mother pay $10,000 of father’s attorney fees. Remands for the recalculation of child support to include father’s income from inheritance.

Samuel Lewis v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Post conviction. Affirms denial of Lewis’ petition for post-conviction relief.

Tony Dale Wilson v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms conviction of child molesting, as a Class C felony, and eight-year sentence, with six years executed and two years suspended to probation.

Terelle Young v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms conviction of failure to stop after an accident resulting in personal injury, a Class A misdemeanor.

Dezmont Hogan v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms 40-year sentence for convictions of burglary, as a Class A felony; criminal confinement, as a Class B felony; and theft, as a Class D felony.

Ronnie Ervin Major v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Post conviction. Affirms denial of Major’s petition for post-conviction relief.

Zack Hitchings v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms eight-year sentence for conviction of robbery, as a Class C felony.

James Edwin Gardner, III v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms conviction of arson, a Class B felony.

Robert Whipple v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms convictions of two counts child molesting, as Class A felonies, and one count child molesting, as Class C felony.

Michael J. Bermes v. G.K. Cambray & Company, Inc., Gregory K. Cambray d/b/a Cambray & Associates, Inc., and Lauri Massoth (NFP)
Civil plenary. Affirms trial court’s judgment in favor of G.K. Cambray & Co., Inc., Gregory K. Cambray d/b/a Cambray & Associates, Inc., and Lauri Massoth. Finds the trial court did not err in determining that G.K. Cambray held a valid mechanic’s lien against Bermes’ real property and that G.K. Cambray did not commit a deceptive act by failing to comply with the Indiana Home Improvement Contracts Act. Also rules Bermes is not entitled to hold Massoth personally liable.

Tyrone Ice v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms convictions for attempted rape and two counts of criminal deviate conduct, all Class B felonies.

Louis P. Fromer v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms conviction and 45-year sentence for dealing in a schedule II controlled substance, a Class A felony. However, rules the trial court erred when it entered a separate consecutive five-year sentence based upon the habitual substance offender finding. Remands to trial court with instructions to correct its sentencing order to reflect an enhancement of Fromer’s dealing conviction by five years rather than as a separate sentence. Judge John Baker wrote a separate opinion concurring in part and in result.

Kevin J. Mamon v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms conviction and three-year sentence for committing battery by body waste, a Class D felony.

Andrew Lee Barnett v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms convictions for attempted armed robbery, a Class B felony; attempted burglary, a Class B felony; intimidation, a Class C felony; carrying a handgun without a license, a Class A misdemeanor; and resisting law enforcement, a Class A misdemeanor.

Kenneth E. Eltzroth v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms conviction of Class B felony dealing in controlled substance.

Regina Choice v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms two-year sentence for theft as a Class D felony.

James Lohman III v. State of Indiana (NFP)
Criminal. Affirms aggregate 21-year sentence for pleading guilty to Class B felony leaving the scene of an accident causing death and Class C felony operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated causing death.

In the Matter of the Termination of the Parent-Child Relationship of M.F., C.F. v. Indiana Department of Child Services (NFP)
Juvenile. Affirms termination of C.F’s (mother) parental rights over her minor daughter, M.F.

Indiana Supreme Court and the Indiana Tax Court did not post any opinions by IL deadline. The 7th Circuit Court of Appeals did not post any Indiana opinions Monday by IL deadline.


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  1. This state's high court has spoken, the fair question is answered. Years ago the Seventh Circuit footnoted the following in the context of court access: "[2] Dr. Bowman's report specifically stated that Brown "firmly believes he is obligated as a Christian to put obedience to God's laws above human laws." Dr. Bowman further noted that Brown expressed "devaluing attitudes towards pharmacological or psycho-therapeutic mental health treatment" and that he made "sarcastic remarks devaluing authority of all types, especially mental health authority and the abortion industry." 668 F.3d 437 (2012) SUCH acid testing of statist orthodoxy is just and meet in Indiana. SUCH INQUISITIONS have been green lighted. Christians and conservatives beware.

  2. It was all that kept us from tyranny. So sad that so few among the elite cared enough to guard the sacred trust. Nobody has a more sacred obligation to obey the law than those who make the law. Sophocles No man is above the law and no man is below it; nor do we ask any man's permission when we ask him to obey it. Obedience to the law is demanded as a right; not asked as a favor. Theodore Roosevelt That was the ideal ... here is the Hoosier reality: The King can do no wrong. Legal maxim From the Latin 'Rex non potest peccare'. When the President does it, that means that it is not illegal. Richard Nixon

  3. So men who think they are girls at heart can use the lady's potty? Usually the longer line is for the women's loo, so, the ladies may be the ones to experience temporary gender dysphoria, who knows? Is it ok to joke about his or is that hate? I may need a brainwash too, hey! I may just object to my own comment, later, if I get myself properly "oriented"

  4. Heritage, what Heritage? The New Age is dawning .... an experiment in disordered liberty and social fragmentation is upon us .... "Carmel City Council approved a human rights ordinance with a 4-3 vote Monday night after hearing about two hours of divided public testimony. The ordinance bans discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, among other traits. Council members Rick Sharp, Carol Schleif, Sue Finkam and Ron Carter voted in favor of it. The three council members opposing it—Luci Snyder, Kevin Rider and Eric Seidensticker—all said they were against any form of discrimination, but had issues with the wording and possible unintended consequences of the proposal." Kardashian is the new Black.

  5. Can anyone please tell me if anyone is appealing the law that certain sex offenders can't be on school property. How is somebody supposed to watch their children's sports games or graduations, this law needs revised such as sex offenders that are on school property must have another non-offender adult with them at all times while on school property. That they must go to the event and then leave directly afterwards. This is only going to hurt the children of the offenders and the father/ son mother/ daughter vice versa relationship. Please email me and let me know if there is a group that is appealing this for reasons other than voting and religion. Thank you.