ILNews

Services, attitudes change toward domestic violence

Back to TopE-mailPrintBookmark and Share

When shelters started popping up in Indiana and around the country a little more than three decades ago, women who were victims of domestic violence had limited options. There was also an element of shame, so they would hide their situations from friends and family. In some cases, they might be able to find another woman at their church or through social organizations who would be willing to take them into their homes.

While much has changed since then, domestic violence still exists and organizations continue to help victims with an added emphasis on prevention, said Laura Berry, executive director of the Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence.

The organization started in 1980 and celebrated its 30th year with a gala Sept. 11.

While there were some shelters for victims of domestic violence on the East Coast in the early 1970s, the national movement came in the late ’70s, Berry said. It was during that period when the first five domestic violence shelters were started in Indiana: Turning Point in Columbus, 1975; the YWCA of Fort Wayne, 1976; YWCA of St. Joseph County, 1977; Women’s Alternatives in Anderson, 1978; and The Caring Place in Valparaiso, 1978.

The directors of those shelters came together in 1980 to form a statewide network, which today is the ICADV. The ICADV’s website lists these five organizations and about 35 others around the state, some with more than one location.

Berry said the partner organizations are seeing more victims now than in the 1980s or 1990s, but the increase in numbers is due to a rise in awareness of available resources and services for victims, not necessarily a rise in violent incidents, which she estimates has stayed more or less the same over the decades.

Mary Jo Lee started with Women’s Alternatives in 1983. She’s now president and CEO of what is now known as Alternatives Inc. in Anderson, serving Madison, Marion, Henry, Hancock, and Hamilton counties.

“When I first began working in this field, domestic violence was still perceived as a family issue,” she said. “We were not supposed to be involved in family issues. It really was not recognized by many as a crime. So we had our challenges at first to begin to make the public aware that this is not a family issue, it’s a crime. People are being hurt, lives are being lost.”

She credited the women’s movement of the ’70s for raising awareness about the issue nationally, and said Anderson was fortunate to have a group of women in the local National Organization of Women chapter who wanted to start a shelter.

The main goals of the early shelters in Indiana, which all shelters continue to have, were to raise awareness, provide a hotline for victims, and provide safe shelter for victims, she said.

Many organizations have since added job training, financial education, and protective order assistance to help victims not only leave abusive situations but also continue to overcome the barriers they had to get over to leave their abusive relationships.

But her shelter – and others around the state – couldn’t have made it without community support, Lee said.

Even in the early 1980s, she said Anderson’s mayor at the time was supportive of the cause and the organization. She said the community has continued its support since then.

Nationally and locally, Berry added, members of law enforcement, the judicial system, and the general public still seemed to view domestic violence as a private, family matter even until the mid-1990s, when the Violence Against Women Act was passed in 1994.

Kerry Hyatt Blomquist, legal director of the ICADV, agreed. She said Indiana statute has been updated to strengthen the options for law enforcement and prosecutors to use in their cases against abusers. For instance, in 2006, the statute was updated to define strangulation, one of the most common abuse methods, as a Class D felony. The statute was also changed in recent years to make domestic violence battery a felony if a child is involved or witnesses the abuse.

Throughout the state, the ICADV has helped implement comprehensive training programs for all professionals, including training sessions for the law enforcement academy, training for prosecutors and judicial personnel, and all other professionals who work in this area, Berry said.

Blomquist credited the judges and law enforcement for welcoming these trainings. She also said most judges now have a better understanding of the issues of domestic violence situations; however, from time to time judges will still call out the victim in court about her record of going back to her abuser after previous incidents.

Instead, she said, they should still treat victims in these situations the same way they would treat the victim if her abuser was a stranger instead of someone who happens to be her spouse or partner.

The ICADV has also helped establish quality assurance standards for domestic violence programs and batterers’ intervention programs, encourages public awareness, offers a statewide toll-free crisis hotline, and works with legislators on public policy issues. Recently, they started prevention programs for middle and high school students. They continue to consider new issues, such as being sensitive to the various cultural backgrounds of victims.

The coalition helps the partner organizations. For instance, in 2002, after the police chief for Lapel shared the idea with Lee, Alternatives Inc. started a safe haven program with Ricker Oil, a gas company based in Madison County with locations in east central and northeast Indiana.

Alternatives Inc. trained Ricker Oil employees to work with domestic violence victims who might come to their stores needing to use a phone to call for help. This is critical for victims in rural communities, Lee said, because many people do not have phones, or if they do, they might not feel safe making a call from home. A gas station might be the closest place with a public phone.

After reading about the partnership between Ricker Oil and Alternatives Inc. in a trade magazine, the president of Gas America, based in Hancock County, asked Lee to help start a similar program. Lee realized she would need some help with trainings and called the ICADV for help.

Other than this program that involves private businesses, Lee said public attitudes, which could still be better in some cases, have improved in terms of seeing domestic violence as a crime that affects not just families but communities and society. More people seem to be aware the decision to leave a violent situation is never an easy one.

Lee said she’s now less likely to be asked, “Why doesn’t she just leave?” Her answer after working with victims for almost 30 years: “What would you do if you didn’t know if you could still feed your children after you left?”

Berry said when she is still asked that question from time to time, she would likely point out that in many cases where a person died because of an act of domestic violence, the victim had left – but the violence doesn’t necessarily end when the relationship does.

Looking back over the past 30 years of the organization while preparing for the Sept. 11 gala, Berry said the shelters and ICADV have come a long way in supporting victims and raising awareness in Indiana, but the event would also include the organization’s goals for the future, such as continued prevention efforts.

She also thanked Baker & Daniels, whose attorneys have given their pro bono hours on appellate work and received an award at the gala. Deborah Hepler, who died in October 2009 and had founded the Protective Order Pro Bono Project of Greater Indianapolis in 2000, which merged with the ICADV in 2007, was also recognized with an award named for her that will be given annually to individuals or law firms for pro bono work.•

ADVERTISEMENT

Sponsored by
ADVERTISEMENT
Subscribe to Indiana Lawyer
  1. Building social-media presence is inevitable for Law Firms. These tips are very useful to strengthen social media presence. Thank you for sharing this. NirwanLawCorp.com.

  2. Mr. Levin says that the BMV engaged in misconduct--that the BMV (or, rather, someone in the BMV) knew Indiana motorists were being overcharged fees but did nothing to correct the situation. Such misconduct, whether engaged in by one individual or by a group, is called theft (defined as knowingly or intentionally exerting unauthorized control over the property of another person with the intent to deprive the other person of the property's value or use). Theft is a crime in Indiana (as it still is in most of the civilized world). One wonders, then, why there have been no criminal prosecutions of BMV officials for this theft? Government misconduct doesn't occur in a vacuum. An individual who works for or oversees a government agency is responsible for the misconduct. In this instance, somebody (or somebodies) with the BMV, at some time, knew Indiana motorists were being overcharged. What's more, this person (or these people), even after having the error of their ways pointed out to them, did nothing to fix the problem. Instead, the overcharges continued. Thus, the taxpayers of Indiana are also on the hook for the millions of dollars in attorneys fees (for both sides; the BMV didn't see fit to avail itself of the services of a lawyer employed by the state government) that had to be spent in order to finally convince the BMV that stealing money from Indiana motorists was a bad thing. Given that the BMV official(s) responsible for this crime continued their misconduct, covered it up, and never did anything until the agency reached an agreeable settlement, it seems the statute of limitations for prosecuting these folks has not yet run. I hope our Attorney General is paying attention to this fiasco and is seriously considering prosecution. Indiana, the state that works . . . for thieves.

  3. I'm glad that attorney Carl Hayes, who represented the BMV in this case, is able to say that his client "is pleased to have resolved the issue". Everyone makes mistakes, even bureaucratic behemoths like Indiana's BMV. So to some extent we need to be forgiving of such mistakes. But when those mistakes are going to cost Indiana taxpayers millions of dollars to rectify (because neither plaintiff's counsel nor Mr. Hayes gave freely of their services, and the BMV, being a state-funded agency, relies on taxpayer dollars to pay these attorneys their fees), the agency doesn't have a right to feel "pleased to have resolved the issue". One is left wondering why the BMV feels so pleased with this resolution? The magnitude of the agency's overcharges might suggest to some that, perhaps, these errors were more than mere oversight. Could this be why the agency is so "pleased" with this resolution? Will Indiana motorists ever be assured that the culture of incompetence (if not worse) that the BMV seems to have fostered is no longer the status quo? Or will even more "overcharges" and lawsuits result? It's fairly obvious who is really "pleased to have resolved the issue", and it's not Indiana's taxpayers who are on the hook for the legal fees generated in these cases.

  4. We are a Finance Industry Company professionals with over 15 Years Experience and a focus on providing Bank Guarantee and Standby Letter of Credit from some of the World Top 25 Prime Banks primarily from Barclays, Deutsche Bank, HSBC,Credit Suisse e.t.c. FEATURES: Amounts from $1 million to 5 Billion+ Euro’s or US Dollars Great Attorney Trust Account Protection Delivered via MT760, MT799 and MT103 Swift with Full Bank Responsibility Brokers Always Protected Purchase Instrument of BG/SBLC : 32%+2% Min Face Value cut = EUR/USD 1M-5B Lease Instrument of BG/SBLC : 4%+2% Min Face Value cut = EUR/USD 1M-5B Interested Agents/Brokers, Investors and Individual proposing international project funding should contact us for directives.We will be glad to share our working procedures with you upon request. We Facilitate Bank instruments SBLC for Lease and Purchase. Whether you are a new startup, medium or large establishment that needs a financial solution to fund/get your project off the ground or business looking for extra capital to expand your operation,our company renders credible and trusted bank guarantee provider who are willing to fund and give financing solutions that suits your specific business needs. We help you secure and issue sblc and bank guarantee for your trade, projects and investment from top AA rated world Banks like HSBC, Barclays, Dutch Ing Bank, Llyods e.t.c because that’s the best and safest strategy for our clients.e.t.c DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTS 1. Instrument: Funds backed Bank Guarantee(BG) ICC-600 2. Currency : USD/EURO 3. Age of Issue: Fresh Cut 4. Term: One year and One day 5. Contract Amount: United State Dollars/Euros (Buyers Face Value) 6. Price : Buy:32%+1, Lease: 4%+2 7. Subsequent tranches: To be mutually agreed between both parties 8. Issuing Bank: Top RATED world banks like HSBC, Barclays, ING Dutch Bank, Llyods e.t.c 9. Delivery Term: Pre advise MT199 or MT799 first. Followed By SWIFT MT760 10. Payment Term: MT799 & Settlement via MT103 11. Hard Copy: By Bank Bonded Courier Interested Agents,Brokers, Investors and Individual proposing international project funding should contact us for directives.We will be glad to share our working procedures with you upon request. Name:Richardson McAnthony Contact Mail : intertekfinance@gmail.com

  5. Affordable Loan Offer (ericloanfinance@hotmail.com) NEED A LOAN?Sometime i really wanna help those in a financial problems.i was wondering why some people talks about inability to get a loan from a bank/company. have you guys ever try Eric Benson lending service.it cost dollars to loan from their company. my aunty from USA,just got a home loan from Eric Benson Lending banking card service.and they gave her a loan of 8,000,000 USD. they give out loan from 100,000 USD - 100,000,000 USD. try it yourself and testimony. have a great day as you try.Kiss & Hug. Contact E-mail: ericloanfinance@hotmail.com

ADVERTISEMENT