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Start Page: Protecting those pesky passwords is necessary evil

Kim Brand
January 4, 2012
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StartPageBrand.jpgYou are bad at managing passwords. You may be a good attorney – but you share your passwords with other people, you use the same password on multiple systems, your password is too short or too simple or written on a Post-it note under your keyboard. The truth is: you don’t like passwords or complicated password policies and you don’t think a secure password is worth the trouble.

That was, until the consequences of a data breach made it worth the trouble. That day has come. In fact, that day came long ago. You’ve just been lucky.

Some data breaches are not the result of compromised passwords. Faulty software can expose private data. Your PC can get infected with a virus that delivers your files into the clutches of a server operated by organized crime. Your laptop can get stolen or an emBrand-010612.gifployee may lose your backup on the “thumb drive” he keeps with his keys. All these troubles may lead to data leaks – but cracked passwords are too common and indefensible; you can actually “fix” this source of leaks if you set your mind to it.

By changing your password often you can prevent someone who had access to your account today from having it tomorrow. Passwords that last forever may outlast relationships. Pick a cycle: change of seasons, start and end of school, national holidays or some other easily memorable way to mark the passage of time and use that event as a reminder to change your password.

Complex passwords don’t have to be complicated. With a few simple tricks you can make up passwords that are nearly impossible to guess but easy to remember.

• Use a mix of capital and lower case letters

• Use at least eight characters

• Use numbers and punctuation marks

• Use symbols: %, $, @, etc.

Tech Tip: you can substitute symbols that have a similar appearance:

@ = a

$ = s

0 (zero) for o (oh)

! or 1 for i

3 for e (note that it is just backwards, like: z for s

• Don’t use a word you could find in a dictionary

• Don’t use your name or anyone else’s

• Don’t use a sequence of numbers or letters: 1234 … or abcd … or a phone number

There are 70 times more combinations of nine characters than eight – so pick a longer password if possible.

Analysis of a data breach at a web services provider with millions of users uncovered that the most popular password used was “123456” – the second most popular: password. Don’t be a statistic!

One simple scheme to create a complex password is to join common words separated by special characters. The first part might be “Winter,” “Summer,” “Football,” or “Baseball.” The “season” will be obvious based on the time of year. Then separate them with a special character. For added security, substitute symbols for letters. Here is an example:

W!nter$2o12 – This substitutes 1 for i and o for 0.

If you use the same password everywhere then someone who guesses it will have access to everything. One trick is to add a prefix to identify which device or service the password is for. This way you don’t need to remember lots of passwords, but each one will still be unique.

• For your email: EMail#W!nter$2o12

• For your bank: Bank#W!nter$2o12

• For your computer: PC#W!nter$2o12

• For your Facebook account: FB#W!nter$2o12


Other password strategies include using the first initial of words in a short phrase or breaking up a phrase into parts. Here are five passwords based on a common phrase:


N!tTime4 Now is the time for

Allg00d$ All good

M3n2C0m! Men to come

2the@id0F To the Aid of

The1rC0untry Their Country

Safeguard your passwords. We’ve seen passwords written on whiteboards and collected in spreadsheets shared by everyone in a firm. The problem with shared passwords goes beyond information that may be shared with the wrong people. If someone has your password they can pretend to be you. One of our customer’s email accounts was hacked simply for the purpose of sending tens of thousands of messages that appeared to come from him.

Use a strong password for every system. Even a compromised Facebook account can lead to embarrassing consequences. If you employ people who use passwords make sure they comply with these rules too; and that goes double for IT consultants and other contractors that touch your systems.

Bill Gates famously decreed in 2004 that passwords were dead. There have been inroads made by so-called “two factor” solutions – those that combine something you “know” like a password and something you “have” like a digital “token” (the Yubi Key is my favorite) or something you “are” like a fingerprint – but logins and passwords remain ubiquitous and probably will for a long time.

Make a New Year’s resolution to create a simple password policy that protects your reputation and confidential materials – before you regret it!•

__________

Kim Brand is a technology expert and president of Computer Experts Inc., a 27-year-old IT services company in Indianapolis. He has presented to local and state bar audiences and written for West Publishing and the ILTA. Kim contributed to the “On-Premises” section of the recently released ILTSO.org legal technical standards, and he is the inventor of the FileSafe Server used by many law firms. He may be reached at Kim@ComputerExpertsIndy.com or by phone at 317-833-3000. The opinions expressed are the author’s.

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  1. I enrolled America's 1st tax-free Health Savings Account (HSA) so you can trust me. I bet 1/3 of my clients were lawyers because they love tax-free deposits, growth and withdrawals or total tax freedom. Most of the time (always) these clients are uninformed about insurance law. Employer-based health insurance is simple if you read the policy. It says, Employers (lawyers) and employees who are working 30-hours-per-week are ELIGIBLE for insurance. Then I show the lawyer the TERMINATION clause which states: When you are no longer ELIGIBLE! Then I ask a closing question (sales term) to the lawyer which is, "If you have a stroke or cancer and become too sick to work can you keep your health insurance?" If the lawyer had dependent children they needed a "Dependent Conversion Privilege" in case their child got sick or hurt which the lawyers never had. Lawyers are pretty easy sales. Save premium, eliminate taxes and build wealth!

  2. Ok, so cheap laughs made about the Christian Right. hardiharhar ... All kidding aside, it is Mohammad's followers who you should be seeking divine protection from. Allahu Akbar But progressives are in denial about that, even as Europe crumbles.

  3. Father's rights? What about a mothers rights? A child's rights? Taking a child from the custody of the mother for political reasons! A miscarriage of justice! What about the welfare of the child? Has anyone considered parent alienation, the father can't erase the mother from the child's life. This child loves the mother and the home in Wisconsin, friends, school and family. It is apparent the father hates his ex-wife more than he loves his child! I hope there will be a Guardian Ad Litem, who will spend time with and get to know the child, BEFORE being brainwashed by the father. This is not just a child! A little person with rights and real needs, a stable home and a parent that cares enough to let this child at least finish the school year, where she is happy and comfortable! Where is the justice?

  4. "The commission will review applications and interview qualified candidates in March and April." Riiiiiight. Would that be the same vaulted process that brought us this result done by "qualified candidates"? http://www.theindianalawyer.com/justices-deny-transfer-to-child-custody-case/PARAMS/article/42774 Perhaps a lottery system more like the draft would be better? And let us not limit it to Indiana attorneys so as to give the untainted a fighting chance?

  5. Steal a little, and they put you in jail. Steal a lot, and they make you king. Bob Dylan ala Samuel Johnson. I had a very similar experience trying to hold due process trampling bureaucrats responsible under the law. Consider this quote and commentary:"'When the president does it, that means it is not illegal,' [Richard] Nixon told his interviewer. Those words were largely seen by the American public -- which continued to hold the ex-president in low esteem -- as a symbol of his unbowed arrogance. Most citizens still wanted to believe that no American citizen, not even the president, is above the law." BWHaahaaahaaa!!!! http://www.philly.com/philly/blogs/attytood/When-the-president-does-it-that-means-it-is-not-illegal.html

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