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In January, Jerome Daniels looked forward to getting a fresh start. Newly released from prison, he hoped to find a job so he could provide for his two daughters.

“I was locked up for their whole life,” he said of his daughters, now 16 and 18. “I watched them grow up in the visiting room.”

But during the time Daniels was in prison, he was still liable for child support, which continued to accrue. When he got out, his criminal record made finding work a challenge.

For many ex-offenders, this type of predicament results in a cycle that can land them right back in prison. Without jobs, they can’t pay child support, and they may end up losing their driver’s licenses as a result which, in turn, makes finding work even more difficult.

Attorneys at Neighborhood Christian Legal Clinic hope to be able to break that cycle by working with ex-offenders through its Project GRACE, which stands for Guided Re-entry Assistance and Community Education.

Origins and evolution

The foundations of Project GRACE began with the work of Josh Abel, executive director for Neighborhood Christian Legal Clinic.

“Josh was initially the one who started doing expungement and pardons and sealing petitions, realizing just how much of a hindrance it was to have some kind of criminal record in trying to get a job, in trying to reintegrate into society,” said Chris Purnell, managing attorney. “It’s really a huge scarlet letter, and it’s hard to find work.”

project grace Mitzi Wilson, Project GRACE staff attorney, has advised Jerome Daniels on civil legal remedies. (IBJ Photo/ Perry Reichanadter)

So Project GRACE – launched late in 2010 – began to focus on how to help ex-offenders begin life anew. Project GRACE staff attorney Mitzi Wilson said many ex-offenders have several civil legal problems that they need help with, including child support, visitation and bankruptcy.

“We’ve been doing expungement for folks for years, but under the old law – prior to July 1 – it was really restrictive. So we were advising hundreds of people a year, ‘Sorry, you can’t do anything. Under current Indiana law, you’re out of luck,’” Abel said.

Year after year, Abel said he and the staff saw bills die in the Legislature that could have helped ex-offenders restrict access to their records, so they didn’t expect anything different to happen in 2011. They were pleasantly surprised when Indiana’s House Bill 1211 passed. Public Law 194 took effect in July.

Josh Abel Mug Abel

Neighborhood Christian Legal Clinic was able to hire Wilson full-time in September, due to funding from the Indianapolis Parks Foundation 2011 Community Crime Prevention Grant Program and St. Paul’s Episcopal Church.

“It’s really fortuitous that all this was in the works, so when we got the grant funding to bring Mitzi on board, she was really able to hit the ground running,” Abel said.

Latest developments

The new law has opened up more opportunities for ex-offenders to clear their records, Wilson explained.

“For individuals that have certain convictions that are either Class D felony or misdemeanor, and they’re not sex or violent offenders, they can petition for restricted access to that conviction if it’s been eight years since their sentence,” Wilson said. “There is kind of another requirement on top of that – I don’t know how clear that aspect of the law is yet – but if they have a subsequent felony within that timeframe they may or may not be eligible.”

Since July 1, Project GRACE has had one petition to restrict access to criminal records granted. Wilson withdrew one petition because the client had paperwork showing different dates for the completion of his probation. She said that petition will be re-filed in a year.

Wilson is preparing to file 15 petitions, and she said at least five cases are stuck in hearing, as the court keeps continuing the hearings.

chris purnell Purnell

Colleen White, AmeriCorps VISTA volunteer and Project GRACE associate, said because the law is so new, courts and communities are still trying to determine how it applies and what parties are restricted from access when a petition is granted.

She said that the Department of Correction, Office of the Indiana Attorney General, the state police and courts will have to work together to uphold court orders that restrict access.

“There’s a lot of confusion with the new law, and a lot of community confusion, too … so that’s one of the biggest parts, going to all these community meetings and just getting the word out there,” White said. “We’re willing to go out – if there’s an audience of one or 100 people – we’re willing to go out and clear the air.”

Reaching people

While project members can educate ex-offenders about the legal remedies available to them, they hope to be able to reach more people after conviction but before incarceration so they are aware that they can file a petition to modify child support.

“The problem is it’s such a short amount of time and that’s not big on people’s list: I’m going to prison right now, let me modify my child support,” White said. “So, we need to let them know that is available to them.”

colleen white White

The clinic conducts intakes around Indianapolis and also in northeast Indiana in Huntington and Fort Wayne, where its second office is located. Daniels learned about Project GRACE through an intake at an Indianapolis church.

He was able to find a job, but the amount garnished from his check for his younger daughter’s benefit left him struggling to make ends meet and to provide for his older daughter, who is now in college.

“We don’t really connect,” he said of his oldest daughter. “I’ve been gone her whole life, that’s a big part of it. But the other part is, she sees me as a deadbeat. I can’t come and take her to McDonald’s … kids in college, they want things, and I can’t buy her a laptop.”

Wilson has been working on getting Daniels’ garnishment reduced to a more manageable level and helping him with a driver’s license problem.

“I’ve been trying to start from this point on. I made a mistake, and I paid for my mistake through the American legal system, and now all I ask for is a second chance,” Daniels said.

Daniels said he knows that others in his position could benefit from the kind of guidance Project GRACE provides.

“One day we have to come back out here. One day, we’re going to need jobs, and we’re going to need to reintegrate into society,” he said. “It’s a whole group of people who would like a second chance.”•

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  1. I have been on this program while on parole from 2011-2013. No person should be forced mentally to share private details of their personal life with total strangers. Also giving permission for a mental therapist to report to your parole agent that your not participating in group therapy because you don't have the financial mean to be in the group therapy. I was personally singled out and sent back three times for not having money and also sent back within the six month when you aren't to be sent according to state law. I will work to het this INSOMM's removed from this state. I also had twelve or thirteen parole agents with a fifteen month period. Thanks for your time.

  2. Our nation produces very few jurists of the caliber of Justice DOUGLAS and his peers these days. Here is that great civil libertarian, who recognized government as both a blessing and, when corrupted by ideological interests, a curse: "Once the investigator has only the conscience of government as a guide, the conscience can become ‘ravenous,’ as Cromwell, bent on destroying Thomas More, said in Bolt, A Man For All Seasons (1960), p. 120. The First Amendment mirrors many episodes where men, harried and harassed by government, sought refuge in their conscience, as these lines of Thomas More show: ‘MORE: And when we stand before God, and you are sent to Paradise for doing according to your conscience, *575 and I am damned for not doing according to mine, will you come with me, for fellowship? ‘CRANMER: So those of us whose names are there are damned, Sir Thomas? ‘MORE: I don't know, Your Grace. I have no window to look into another man's conscience. I condemn no one. ‘CRANMER: Then the matter is capable of question? ‘MORE: Certainly. ‘CRANMER: But that you owe obedience to your King is not capable of question. So weigh a doubt against a certainty—and sign. ‘MORE: Some men think the Earth is round, others think it flat; it is a matter capable of question. But if it is flat, will the King's command make it round? And if it is round, will the King's command flatten it? No, I will not sign.’ Id., pp. 132—133. DOUGLAS THEN WROTE: Where government is the Big Brother,11 privacy gives way to surveillance. **909 But our commitment is otherwise. *576 By the First Amendment we have staked our security on freedom to promote a multiplicity of ideas, to associate at will with kindred spirits, and to defy governmental intrusion into these precincts" Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Comm., 372 U.S. 539, 574-76, 83 S. Ct. 889, 908-09, 9 L. Ed. 2d 929 (1963) Mr. Justice DOUGLAS, concurring. I write: Happy Memorial Day to all -- God please bless our fallen who lived and died to preserve constitutional governance in our wonderful series of Republics. And God open the eyes of those government officials who denounce the constitutions of these Republics by arbitrary actions arising out capricious motives.

  3. From back in the day before secularism got a stranglehold on Hoosier jurists comes this great excerpt via Indiana federal court judge Allan Sharp, dedicated to those many Indiana government attorneys (with whom I have dealt) who count the law as a mere tool, an optional tool that is not to be used when political correctness compels a more acceptable result than merely following the path that the law directs: ALLEN SHARP, District Judge. I. In a scene following a visit by Henry VIII to the home of Sir Thomas More, playwriter Robert Bolt puts the following words into the mouths of his characters: Margaret: Father, that man's bad. MORE: There is no law against that. ROPER: There is! God's law! MORE: Then God can arrest him. ROPER: Sophistication upon sophistication! MORE: No, sheer simplicity. The law, Roper, the law. I know what's legal not what's right. And I'll stick to what's legal. ROPER: Then you set man's law above God's! MORE: No, far below; but let me draw your attention to a fact I'm not God. The currents and eddies of right and wrong, which you find such plain sailing, I can't navigate. I'm no voyager. But in the thickets of law, oh, there I'm a forester. I doubt if there's a man alive who could follow me there, thank God... ALICE: (Exasperated, pointing after Rich) While you talk, he's gone! MORE: And go he should, if he was the Devil himself, until he broke the law! ROPER: So now you'd give the Devil benefit of law! MORE: Yes. What would you do? Cut a great road through the law to get after the Devil? ROPER: I'd cut down every law in England to do that! MORE: (Roused and excited) Oh? (Advances on Roper) And when the last law was down, and the Devil turned round on you where would you hide, Roper, the laws being flat? (He leaves *1257 him) This country's planted thick with laws from coast to coast man's laws, not God's and if you cut them down and you're just the man to do it d'you really think you would stand upright in the winds that would blow then? (Quietly) Yes, I'd give the Devil benefit of law, for my own safety's sake. ROPER: I have long suspected this; this is the golden calf; the law's your god. MORE: (Wearily) Oh, Roper, you're a fool, God's my god... (Rather bitterly) But I find him rather too (Very bitterly) subtle... I don't know where he is nor what he wants. ROPER: My God wants service, to the end and unremitting; nothing else! MORE: (Dryly) Are you sure that's God! He sounds like Moloch. But indeed it may be God And whoever hunts for me, Roper, God or Devil, will find me hiding in the thickets of the law! And I'll hide my daughter with me! Not hoist her up the mainmast of your seagoing principles! They put about too nimbly! (Exit More. They all look after him). Pgs. 65-67, A MAN FOR ALL SEASONS A Play in Two Acts, Robert Bolt, Random House, New York, 1960. Linley E. Pearson, Atty. Gen. of Indiana, Indianapolis, for defendants. Childs v. Duckworth, 509 F. Supp. 1254, 1256 (N.D. Ind. 1981) aff'd, 705 F.2d 915 (7th Cir. 1983)

  4. "Meanwhile small- and mid-size firms are getting squeezed and likely will not survive unless they become a boutique firm." I've been a business attorney in small, and now mid-size firm for over 30 years, and for over 30 years legal consultants have been preaching this exact same mantra of impending doom for small and mid-sized firms -- verbatim. This claim apparently helps them gin up merger opportunities from smaller firms who become convinced that they need to become larger overnight. The claim that large corporations are interested in cost-saving and efficiency has likewise been preached for decades, and is likewise bunk. If large corporations had any real interest in saving money they wouldn't use large law firms whose rates are substantially higher than those of high-quality mid-sized firms.

  5. The family is the foundation of all human government. That is the Grand Design. Modern governments throw off this Design and make bureaucratic war against the family, as does Hollywood and cultural elitists such as third wave feminists. Since WWII we have been on a ship of fools that way, with both the elite and government and their social engineering hacks relentlessly attacking the very foundation of social order. And their success? See it in the streets of Fergusson, on the food stamp doles (mostly broken families)and in the above article. Reject the Grand Design for true social function, enter the Glorious State to manage social dysfunction. Our Brave New World will be a prison camp, and we will welcome it as the only way to manage given the anarchy without it.

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