On an occasional Saturday, you may find attorney John Daly teaching a workplace safety course in front of construction workers.
His opening line: “I can tell you how you’re probably going to die.”
The rest depends on who’s sitting in front of him listening: falling from a scaffolding or high place, electrocution,
exposure to chemical hazards, or being fatally injured by a power tool or heavy machine.
His lectures sometimes deviate, as they did most recently in late April when he spoke to a roomful of attorneys about construction
law and workplace safety in new construction sites. In seminars for builders and general contractors, he teaches about safety
issues weaved into project contracts that if not followed could shut their businesses down.
Daly is an Occupational Safety and Health Administration trainer authorized to teach 10-hour and 30-hour safety courses,
which complements his construction law and workplace safety practice with Indianapolis law firm Cohen & Malad. His work
centers on construction-site accidents involving federal and state agencies, and he’s secured high-dollar verdicts and
settlements in recent years in cases representing injured ironworkers, electricians, laborers, masons, operators, and other
“There’s a lot of bad that goes on in construction areas,” Daly said. “Those workers on the site
end up doing the most dangerous work with lousy instructions and less supervision, and I’ve seen some real bad things
in those areas.”
Construction attorney Greg Dale at Baker & Daniels in Indianapolis said many hazards exist in this area and the legal
issues can literally be life and death, especially in vertical construction on buildings or roadway construction sites where
speeding traffic can be an issue. But he credits Indiana and especially the Indianapolis area for having a high standard for
Organizations like the non-profit Metro Indianapolis Coalition for Construction Safety, Inc. are dedicated to achieving zero
injury on construction and facility maintenance job sites, he said.
“Construction is a hazardous work by its nature, and I’ve found it comforting to see response of every major
player who supports safety,” he said, referring to data showing Indiana has had some of its best years recently in non-fatal
or serious accidents. “I don’t think these efforts are unique to Indiana, but you don’t see it everywhere
across the country where companies are banding together on construction safety.”
Lawyers and law firms representing companies that do construction or renovation projects are more forcefully making sure
their clients are keeping up with safety protocol and meeting federal and state standards.
In April, law firm Frost Brown Todd reported that OSHA is stepping up enforcement efforts and has cited almost twice as many
employers for violations in the first quarter of 2010 than it had for all of the previous year. The national and state agencies
are more stringently enforcing existing standards and expanding enforcement under the general duty clause, maximizing penalties
for employers charged with safety violations, the firm reports.
For those in Indianapolis, like Daly, that means not only making sure builders and contractors and their lawyers know about
the safety requirements, but that workers also know what’s expected and should be happening on sites.
“OSHA teaches companies to avoid fines … I teach to avoid the accidents,” he said. “Little things
like making sure electrical cords are up to date. That’s the nickel-and-dime stuff that could end up costing millions
if an accident’s caused.”
In his safety seminars, Daly said both the bosses and workers are sometimes reluctant at the start, but they usually become
“I let them know that at times I’m the person putting their whole business at risk,” he said. “The
idea is so they have an idea of what I’m doing and why I’m doing it, and how to prevent me from ever getting involved.”
Among the largest issues that construction safety lawyers deal with involve knowing the work sites and procedures taking
place there, how equipment is utilized, and that work procedures are put in place, attorneys say. Contract law also is a large
part of this work, as Daly often sees general contractor foremen and supervisors not reading the contracts that include safety
language for those actually doing the job.
For example, contracts between owners and general contractors often include OSHA regulations and some put in their own language
specifics, Daly said. He said Wal-Mart has a practice of including a higher building standard for a mandatory six-foot rule
for protection when a worker’s off the ground, he said. That’s not OSHA-required, but something Wal-Mart does
and requires of contractors.
“Those rules don’t put any duties on the general contractor per se, but contracts between the owners and general
contractors make them liable,” he said. “The first response can be puzzlement, as they don’t realize what
their obligations are through these contracts on behalf of those actually doing the jobs. … But turning a blind eye
and saying ‘I wasn’t there’ isn’t a sufficient excuse.”
Throughout his career, Daly has handled dozens of construction-site accident cases ranging from scaffolding falls to crane-
or equipment-malfunction injuries. Some of his more noteworthy ones include a $10.2 million jury verdict in October to the
widow of a paving-company worker killed during construction work on I-465; a $2.9 million settlement last year on a steel
worker’s construction-site accident, and a $925,000 verdict in August 2005 in a Hamilton County site accident where
a masonry wall fell on an iron worker and caused brain injury.
“You can have some interesting legal issues come up, like a general contractor’s assumption of duty and employer
liability being limited to workers’ comp,” he said. “A lot of this goes to pre-planning and job site or
performance analysis. It’s not a matter of just putting hard hats on; it’s looking at a construction project and
knowing the dangers and how the work can be done safely. When that’s done, accidents can be avoided.”•