The Indiana Court of Appeals upheld judgment Monday in favor of Marsh Supermarkets LLC on its complaint alleging that Roche breached a contract to sublease space in the Fishers building that houses Marsh’s headquarters.
Marsh is a subsidiary of MSI Crosspoint Indianapolis Grocery LLC, which owns the building and land that Marsh leases for its headquarters. The property is mortgaged with Bank of America, and the lease allows for Marsh to sublease the building.
Roche Diagnostics Corp. executed a sublease with Marsh to rent space in the building in March 2008. The lease would begin April 1 and expire Nov. 21, 2026, with rent payments to begin Jan. 1, 2009.
The agreement contained a subtenant recognition agreement and a subordination, non-disturbance and attornment agreement. The parties were required to cooperate in obtaining these two documents. The original sublease said both must be delivered to Roche by April 25, 2008; if not, Roche could terminate the lease on or before May 15.
This case hinges on the SNDA. Roche originally rejected Marsh’s proposed draft of the SNDA, in which Bank of America had removed Roche’s 12-month liability limit. Two extension letters were executed, pushing back the deadline that the SNDA had to be obtained to May 30. Roche wanted the liability limit in the SNDA. On May 29, Roche decided it would not sublease the building and sent a letter overnight to Marsh. When Marsh received the letter, it contacted the bank and got the SNDA with the 12-month liability limit. The SNDA was hand delivered to Roche at 4:57 p.m. on May 30.
After Roche declined to participate in the lease, Marsh sued. Both parties moved for summary judgment, and the trial court denied both motions. At a bench trial, Hamilton Superior Judge William J. Hughes ruled in favor of Marsh, finding Roche’s failure to pay rent under the sublease was more than $47 million. Hughes set off that amount based on a new sublease Marsh obtained with First Advantage Background Services Corp. and found Roche owed $18,188,933.
In Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc. v. Marsh Supermarkets, LLC, 29A02-1201-PL-4, Judges Patricia Riley and L. Mark Bailey affirmed in favor of Marsh. Roche challenged the denial of its motion for summary judgment, but the majority held that the extensions entered into contain the parties’ clear intent for Roche to have its termination option effective only upon a failure to deliver a compliant SNDA by May 30, 2008. The language of the extensions modified Roche’s unilateral option to terminate the sublease under the original agreement.
Regarding the judgment from the bench trial, the judges noted that Roche’s challenge is essentially the same as its argument on the denial of its motion for summary judgment. The trial court correctly interpreted that the original agreement was modified by the extensions, Riley wrote. They also affirmed that Roche breached its duty to cooperate by not accepting the May 30 SNDA.
Also, based on the language of the original agreement, Hughes didn’t err in determining Roche is on the hook for the $18 million calculated based on the entire length of the sublease for breaking it.
Judge Terry Crone dissented, believing the extension letters didn’t nullify Roche’s bargained-for right to terminate the sublease after April 25. He wrote that Roche terminated the sublease before Marsh delivered the SNDA, therefore, Roche wasn’t in default and its damages should be limited to up to Dec. 31, 2013, based on the sublease.