Dell Inc. shareholders who thought they were fleeced by the deal that took the computer maker private in 2013 have scored a rare — though hollow — legal victory.
Investors in Dell deserved almost $4 a share more than they received from the management-led buyout, a Delaware judge ruled Tuesday. The impact will be limited, however, because he disqualified about 29 million of the 34 million shares in the suit on procedural grounds.
Disgruntled shareholders had sought as much as $28 a share, more than double the $13.88 that company founder Michael Dell and buyout firm Silver Lake Partners paid out in the deal. Delaware Chancery Court Judge Travis Laster settled instead on a fair value of $17.62 for the stock.
That means Dell will have to pay out a total of $18.7 million, less than 1/10th of 1 percent of the $25 billion buyout. Shareholders will also get interest, which could put their total recovery at more than $30 million.
There was “widespread and compelling evidence of a valuation gap” between the market’s perception of Dell’s performance and the company’s “operative reality,” Laster said.
David Frink, a Dell spokesman, declined to comment on the ruling. Stuart Grant, a lawyer for the shareholders who challenged the valuation, also declined to comment.
By going private after a quarter-century as a publicly traded company, Michael Dell sought more leeway to cut jobs and shift the company’s strategy to court high-margin customers spending billions of dollars on data centers.
Some shareholders sued, arguing that Dell’s offer shortchanged them on their shares. The holders demanded their shares be appraised for fair-market value. Under Delaware law, investors have such rights if they’ve hung onto their stock through the deal’s closing.
While rejecting claims that the stock was worth $28 per share, the judge found there was additional value in the company that hadn’t been properly captured in the offer from Dell and Silver Lake Partners.
Lawyers for Dell and the buyout firm argued at trial that the company vigorously shopped around for higher bids for the computer maker and that the buyers raised their bid seven times during negotiations. They sought to persuade Laster the original offer, $13.75 plus a 13-cent dividend, amounted to fair value.
While the judge’s ruling amounted to a victory for Dell shareholders who accused the founder of attempting to steal the company on the cheap, most investors won’t share the win because of a procedural quirk in Delaware law.
Laster ruled last year that five large institutional investors including T. Rowe Price Group Inc. and Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance were ineligible to have their Dell shares re-appraised because the way in which they held their Dell shares didn’t meet the legal requirements.
The case is In RE: Appraisal of Dell Inc., No. 9322, Delaware Chancery Court (Wilmington).