The Indiana Court of Appeals agreed a Logansport resident has standing to sue his city over the operation and management
of a city park, but that his suit is barred by statutes of limitations.
of Indiana on the relation of Michael Berkshire v. City of Logansport, Ind., et al., No. 09A02-0911-CV-1139, resident
Michael Berkshire, upset that alcohol was being sold in Dykeman Park, filed a verified complaint for writ of mandate and declaratory
and injunctive relief in April 2009 against the city and its Parks & Recreation Board. Berkshire claimed the park wasn't
being maintained and operated as was directed by the will of Cass County Circuit Judge David D. Dykeman and the resolution
passed by the city in 1915 adopting Judge Dykeman's request.
Judge Dykeman had left his farm to the city to be used as a public park. He requested the city spend $1,500 a year to maintain
it and that it be controlled by three park commissioners appointed by the Board of County Commissioners of Cass County, the
Cass Circuit Court, and the common council.
Those three appointments were never made and eventually the oversight of the park was maintained by the Board of the Department
of Parks and Recreation, which was created in 1979 and has five members. The city did maintain the park and spend at least
$1,500 on it throughout the years.
The trial court granted partial summary judgment for Berkshire, finding he did have standing to sue, but also ruled that
the statute of limitations for him to bring the suit had expired.
Berkshire argued on appeal that Logansport's response to his summary judgment motion didn't comply with the designation
of evidence requirements of Indiana Trial Rule 56(C). The appellate court relied on the recent Indiana Supreme Court ruling
in Reiswerg v. Statom, No.49S02-0906-CV-280, in which the high court determined that defendants didn't waive a
statute of limitations defense when they failed to assert it in a response to the plaintiff's motion for partial summary
judgment. Logansport did assert its defense in its answer to the complaint and in the motion to dismiss, wrote Chief Judge
The Court of Appeals also affirmed that Berkshire had standing to bring his suit – he as well as other Logansport residents
have a public right in the enjoyment of the park. But, Berkshire didn't bring his suit in time to comply with any of the
possible statutes of limitations. It could be argued that the suit had to have been brought within 20 years of 1917 or within
20 years of when the Parks and Recreation Board was created in 1979.
The appellate court noted that the city had complied with two out of the three requests laid out in Judge Dykeman's will
– the land was designated as Dykeman Park and the city has spent more than $1,500 a year on improvements, wrote the chief
"Thus, it is reasonable to conclude that Logansport's operation of Dykeman Park for over ninety years has amounted
to substantial compliance with the agreement and the provisions of the Will," he wrote. "Even more compelling, it
is apparent that Logansport has fulfilled Judge Dykeman's intent as a result of its agreement to establish and operate
the park. As a result, the trial court properly granted Logansport's motion to dismiss Berkshire's action."